HMAN4100 - Fundamentals of management

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

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Course content

This is a course about the leadership and management of health and health care institutions. Emphasis is put both on the development of health (care) management and of various ways of managing health care institutions and professionals today and tomorrow. The main theories of management will be discussed. Empirically emphasis is laid on Western Europe and North America. Since health management to such an extent is a continuation of health (care) policy, this course is explicitly related to courses in health policy development.

Learning outcome

To manage is to act toward a whole organization, or a whole part of an organization. Since this is done both “holistically” and in many specialized ways, those who take this course will both learn the basis of “holistic” (or general) management and the various specialized forms of management. But since this is an introductory course, the “holistic” side of leading and managing – including the choice of management style (or role) – will be given priority. Students will learn more concretely how to use the various forms of managing in more technically specialized courses.

Thus the main purpose of the course is more scholarly than technical.

This also means that the course should make students become more aware of the relevance and attractiveness of a managerial career for themselves: The course has existential sides to it.


Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.


The course is based on literature, lectures and independent studies.

A wide and somewhat varied literature is presented, discussed and integrated through lectures. It is important that students have done their homework before each lecture, so that they can engage in discussions about perspectives presented in the syllabus literature and by the lecturer. Since this is also a kind of maturation course it is important that students work diligently on their own, and through colloquia, with the topics covered in the course and with test problems that will be uploaded on Fronter. Students should to a large exctent regard themselves as their own teachers – as the teacher will regard himself as an intellectual obstetrician.

Access to teaching

A student who has completed compulsory instruction and coursework and has had these approved, is not entitled to repeat that instruction and coursework. A student who has been admitted to a course, but who has not completed compulsory instruction and coursework or had these approved, is entitled to repeat that instruction and coursework, depending on available capacity.


About halfway through the course there is a take-home (tree days) examination. Students are to write an essay based on questions given by the course instructor. This examination will count about 40 percent toward the course grade. Students will get individualized feed-back on their exam essay.The take-home exam needs to be passed in order to take the school examination.

At the end of the course there is a four-hour school examination. Students are then to write an essay, based on one of more assigned problems. Students will receive individualized comments also to this essay.

The examinations are to be regarded not only as a test of knowledge and maturity of understanding, but also as an integral part of a (continuing) learning process. Hence the existence of the “institution” of individidualized feed-back.

Use of sources and citation

You should familiarize yourself with the rules that apply to the use of sources and citations. If you violate the rules, you may be suspected of cheating/attempted cheating.

Examination support material

No examination support material is allowed.

Language of examination

For students at Eu-HEM: English

For students at HEPAM: The problem set will be given in English. Answers can be given in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

For HEPMA students:

For Eu-HEM students:

An EU-hem student cannot present her or himself for the examination in a course more than two times. There will be held re-sits for EU-hem students who have failed an exam or who have legitimate absence (usually illness) in January and August. If you are entitled to a re-sit you must contact the student advisor via email no longer than one week after the result of the exam has been published.

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.

Facts about this course






Every autumn


Every autumn

Teaching language