SOS2402 – Family, gender equality and the welfare state

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

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Course content

This course gives an introduction to the Scandinavian/Norwegian welfare state focusing on family policies, gender equality and family change. Theoretically, the course is informed by gender perspectives on the welfare state and on families/personal relationships. Among the questions addressed are: What typifies the Scandinavian/Norwegian welfare state approach to family, gender and work? What are the effects of family policy interventions on women’s employment and fertility? To what extent are family forms and practices characterised by change and diversity, in particular in relation to gender and class? How can personal relationships in families be conceptualised and studied from a gender equality perspective in a Scandinavian/Norwegian context?

The course examines a wide range of family policies (e.g. parental leave, daddy quotas, publicly subsidised childcare services, cash for care benefits). The course literature highlights the Scandinavian/Norwegian experience through analyses of comparative statistical data and national case studies, and by contrasting the Scandinavian experience with that of other European countries.

This course is intended for both Norwegian and international students.

Learning outcome


  • Obtain knowledge about main features of Scandinavian/Norwegian family policies
  • Acquire understanding of the importance of institutional contexts for changes in family and gender relations


  • Skills in using sociological concepts and theories to analyse the relationships between family change and gender equality in the Scandinavian/Norwegian welfare states
  • Discuss and make use of central sociological theories to discuss concrete political reforms, institutions and processes

General competence

  • Awareness of the highly complex relationships between family change, gender equality and welfare state policies


Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.


  • Lectures
  • Seminars (smaller groups)

The seminars are optional, however, if you sign up to a seminar, we expect you to participate. If you do not want to attend seminars, please choose "Seminar 99 - wish not to participate in seminar".

We recommend students to participate in the seminars. You will get guidance from your professor regarding the individual assignment and discuss topics from the assignments in relation to the curriculum.

Information about application for changing seminar group.

Access to teaching

If you have had seminars in this course before, you are not entitled to new instruction.


  • Individual, written assignment
  • 4 hours written school exam.

The assignment and exam will be evaluated concurrently by one assessment committee and only one grade will be assigned based on this comprehensive evaluation. The written assignment and the exam normally account for approximately 40 and 60 percent of the final grade, respectively. However, the assessment committee may give more weight to the written assignment in circumstances in which the result is between two grades.

In order to pass the course, a passing grade must be achieved on both the written assignment and the exam in the same semester. 

School exam

The written school exam consists of two parts. Parts one and two account for one-third and two-thirds of the grade, respectively. In order to receive a passing grade on the exam, candidates must complete and pass both parts.

Individual, written assignment

Resitting an exam

As of spring semester 2017, the examination model for this course was changed. Students who wish to resit the exam, must complete both the individual, written assignment and school exam anew.

Written examination

The written examination is conducted in the digital examination system Inspera. You will need to familiarize yourself with the digital examination arrangements in Inspera.

Read more about written examinations using Inspera.

Submit assignments in Inspera

You submit your assignment in the digital examination system Inspera. Read more about how to submit assignments in Inspera.

Use of sources and citation

You should familiarize yourself with the rules that apply to the use of sources and citations. If you violate the rules, you may be suspected of cheating/attempted cheating.

Examination support material

Students may use dictionaries at this exam. Dictionaries must be handed in before the examination. Please read regulations for dictionaries permitted at the examination.

Language of examination

The examination text is given in English.You may submit your response in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

It is recommended to request an explanation of your grade before you decide to appeal.



The deadline to request an explanation is one week after the grade is published. For oral and practical examinations, the deadline is immediately after you have received your grade.

The explanation should normally be given within two weeks after you have asked for it. The examiner decides whether the explanation is to be given in writing or verbally.

Ask for explanation of your grade

Resit an examination

If you are sick or have another valid reason for not attending the regular exam, we offer a postponed exam later in the same semester.

See also our information about resitting an exam.

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.

Facts about this course






Every spring


Every spring

Teaching language