Funding agencies’ requirements and guidelines
Today, The Research Council of Norway, the European Union, and many others require that projects they support should document and archive the life cycle of their research data. Both The Research Council of Norway and the European Union require data management plans at start-up, midway reporting and the final report. Research data from which a research result is published, or that can be used in other research projects should be archived in FAIR-archives.
The Research Council of Norway
Better access to research data enhances the quality of research, both because results can be more easily validated and tested, and because data can be used in new ways and in combination with other data. Open access to research data contributes to less and unnecessary duplication and can facilitate more multi-disciplinary research.
The Norwegian Research Council's policy of open access to publicly funded research data will help ensure that research data is available to relevant users, on equal terms, and at the lowest possible cost. The guidelines in the policy apply to all data in projects funded by the Norwegian Research Council, with some exceptions.
The EU Commission pilots a flexible pilot in the framework programme, Horizon 2020 called the Open Research Data Pilot (ORD pilot). The ORD pilot is intended to improve, increase access to and reuse of research data generated by Horizon 2020 projects. At the same time, the pilot takes into account the need to balance transparency and protection of scientific information, commercialization and intellectual property rights (IPR) as well as data management and storage issues.
In the period 2014-16, the ORD pilot included only selected areas of Horizon 2020. In the revised 2017 version, the Open Research Data Pilot has been expanded to cover all of the thematic areas of Horizon 2020.