– We need to understand how glaciers are shrinking in order to better adapt to climate change impacts such as changes to water supply, landslides and avalanches, says Prof. Andreas Kääb, a glacier expert from the University of Oslo in Norway.
Here we will highlight relevant articles in English covering research relevant to the Arctic/High North. For more articles (in Norwegian), please refer to the Norwegian pages.
Melting ice sheets in Greenland and the Antarctic as well as ice melt from glaciers all over the world are causing sea levels to rise. New data and analysis show that land-based glaciers outside of the main ice sheets in Antarctica and Greenland have lost more than 9,000 billion tons of ice since 1961, raising sea levels by 27 millimeters.
The University of Oslo and the Scandinavian Institute of Maritime Law has concluded an agreement with Equinor in the field of climate and energy law.
The permafrost in the Arctic is thawing. Now a new study find that seventy percent of the current infrastructure in the Arctic in the next 30 years has a high potential to be affected by thawing permafrost. This despite if the climate change targets of the Paris Agreement is meet.
Volcanic activity primarily focuses at plate boundaries on Earth. But volcanoes can also form far away from plate boundaries due to plumes of hot material rising from the Earth’s deep interior. Eventually this material reaches the surface and breaks through the Earth’s crust to form a volcano – a so-called “hotspot”. Scientists now present a theory of how this type of hotspot activity can explain massive, past volcanic eruptions in Greenland and in the North Atlantic.
The Ministry of Education and Research launched a new strategy for research and higher education in Svalbard this May.
Call for session proposals for the UArctic Congress 2018 in Helsinki is now open. The deadline for session proposals is 30 September 2017.
Submissions are now open for SIOS pilot project funding. The 2017 call will be the basis of an annual call wheel. The total funds available in 2017 are 2 million NOK.
According to a recent NGO report, Norway’s plans to ramp up Arctic oil and gas production undermines the Paris Agreement.
Average sea ice extent for the month of July ended up the fifth lowest since satellite records began in 1979, according to the latest report released by the Colorado-based National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC).
17 passenger vessels are Monday sailing in the waters around Svalbard. Next year will be even more crowded.
The Finnish Chairmanship of the Arctic Council is underway, with a clear commitment by Finland to advance sustainable development and climate change goals. However, "sustainable development" can be a tough term to implement.
Across the globe, sea level has been rising for decades, but we don’t know how fast. Researchers have now analyzed tide gauge data and reconstructed global mean sea level since 1902. Their record yields a slower average rise before 1990 than previously thought, but similar high rates of about 3.1 mm/yr as observed from independent satellite observations from 1993-2012. This suggests that global mean sea level has been accelerating much faster than previously assumed in the past two decades.
A warming Arctic will give an extended growing season particularly due to an earlier spring, and it has been believed that this will give a greater uptake of CO2 in plants and an increased carbon sink. An impact potentially offsetting some of the anthropogenic increases in greenhouse gases. A new study suggest that the “warmer spring, bigger sink” hypothesis may no longer hold.
This book reflects the maritime law as found in the Nordic countries, and gives a broad introduction to a modern and updated maritime law system.This book is based on the Norwegian book "Sjørett" (8th ed., Oslo 2016), which is the standard Scandinavian textbook on maritime law.
Cross disciplinary approaches using both seismic recordings and satellite observations of glaciers provide data to estimate glacier frontal ablation rates. This provides new insight into the processes that control dynamic mass loss of glaciers into the sea. Such cross disciplinary approaches can be valuable in climate research.
Anthrax broke out in Russia this summer, but why? Because the permafrost in Siberia is melting. At the same time, people in Nord-Troms fear a tsunami and enormous devastation when the permafrost on Nordnesfjellet mountain melts and the mountain cracks. Read more on siu.no
International team of climate researchers reconstructs global cooling in the reign of the Roman emperor Justinian. Ice-cores and data about sulfate flux at Greenland and Artica reveils the pasts climate disasters. Their research presented at EGU 2016; Vienna recently.
Many glaciers on Svalbard behave very differently from other glaciers worldwide. They advance massively for some years and then quickly retreat – and then remain quiescent for fifty to a hundred years – before they once again start to advance.