Naïd Mubalegh: Nature as a rational space and the economic perspective(s) in evolutionary biology. Rationality in what sense, and at what cost?
Naïd Mubalegh is a PhD student in Philosophy of Science (Biology) at the University of Lisbon and the University Paris 1 Sorbonne, and currently a guest researcher at the Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis (CEES) at the University of Oslo. She investigates the relationship between economic theories and the development of evolutionary theory. She is interested, among others, in understanding how certain, often strictly defined, concepts of rationality have been transferred from economics to evolutionary biology. How has an utilitarian research method been so successful in describing and explaining evolutionary processes and biodiversity? What is left outside by such a perspective, and what happens when scientific models from biology influence economics in return?
In this talk, we will address the following questions: Which economic perspectives and concepts of rationality have been the most influential with regard to evolutionary biology? By definition (unless it is omniscient and absolutely neutral), a perspective always implies an "off-screen". What is the "off-screen" of rationality in evolutionary biology and to what extent is it a product of the epistemological development of the field? What are the practical, epistemological and ontological implications of this configuration of evolutionary biology for the knowledge of nature itself, and in an interdisciplinary perspective?