Geohazards (programme option)
Geohazard, or 'geofare' as they are known in Norwegian, include rapid natural processes on or near the earth's surface, that can cause harm to people and assets. Geohazards can be caused by endogenous (internal) processes such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, or exogenous (external) processes, generally triggered by particular weather conditions, such as heavy rainfall leading to floods. In Norway, the most common geohazards are related to floods and slides, for example snow avalanches, landslides/ debris flows, mudslides (quick clay) and rock avalanches. In recent years, the attention of the authorities in these processes has increased significantly.