Why choose this programme option?
From the academic year 2018/2019, the subject area geohazards is continued in the programme option Geohazards.
The programme option has been discontinued. From the academic year 2018/2019, the subject areas have been continued in the programme option Geohazards and Geomechanics.
For all fields of study, see Geosciences (master's two years).
Geohazard, or 'geofare' as they are known in Norwegian, include rapid natural processes on or near the earth's surface, that can cause harm to people and assets. Geohazards can be caused by endogenous (internal) processes such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, or exogenous (external) processes, generally triggered by particular weather conditions, such as heavy rainfall leading to floods. In Norway, the most common geohazards are related to floods and slides, for example snow avalanches, landslides/ debris flows, mudslides (quick clay) and rock avalanches. In recent years, the attention of the authorities in these processes has increased significantly.
The need for greater expertise and resources in this field (floods and landslides) must also be seen in the light of climate scenarios predict "warmer, wetter and wilder weather", which could in turn lead to an increased frequency of rapid mass movements and floods triggered by extreme weather.
How can we predict such geohazards and consider which areas are affected? What processes control triggering and dynamics of rapid mass movements? Can we calculate the frequency of geohazards in the future, and how climate change will affect geohazards?
The Department of Geosciences has a broad research profile related to the stability of slopes and dynamics of mass movements. We use computer models, remote sensing from satellite and our own multi-rotor drones to survey the ground movements and also have extensive expertise on geohazards related to water (flood) and snow / ice (avalanche). The institute works closely with NVE (Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate), NGI (Norwegian Geoteknikse Institute) and NGU (Geological Survey).