Acute poisoning by substances of abuse in Oslo
Objectives: In Oslo, most acute poisonings by substances of abuse are treated out of hospital, at the Emergency Medical Agency (EMA). The high long-term morbidity and mortality in this patient group have been documented, but little is known about intervention and follow-up. This study will describe the procedure of observation in use at the EMA, to identify factors related to complications and hospital admissions, and to assess the safety of treatment out of hospital. Immediate follow-up will be charted. Mortality and contacts with the acute health care services the first 3 months after discharge will be registered, and seen in relation to follow-up. The EMA has implemented at short-time follow-up for patients under 23 years, and repetition patterns for young patients will be compared with data from 2003 and 2008. Mortality rates at 1, 5 and 10 years will be registered.
Design: Prospective observational study. During 1 year, all patients 12 years and older treated at the EMA with a main diagnosis of acute poisoning will be included. The treating physician will complete a registration form and a standardized medical record. Data on follow-up and recontacts will be gathered from relevant institutions and the Norwegian Patient Register.
Implementation: Charting outpatient treatment and immediate follow-up for these patients may guide future intervention. The procedure of observation is low-tech and may be used in outpatient emergency services and in hospitals.
- UiO er forskningsansvarlig
Prosjektbeskrivelse med vedlegg
Intern fremleggelse - Ja
Godkjent av: Jørund Straand