Forekomst av risikofaktorer for ikke-smittsomme sykdommer i Yangon, Myanmar
Non-communicable diseases (NCD) are the global leading cause of mortality and morbidity burden, which can be prevented by mitigating the four major risk factors: tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet and harmful use of alcohol. Myanmar is facing the burden of NCDs at the same time as communicable diseases are persistent. Studies on NCDs and their risk factors in Myanmar are scarce. In 2003-2004 a WHO STEPs survey in Yangon Division was undertaken. The 2003-2004 study detected substantial difference in risk behaviors between the urban and rural populations. Information about trends of risk factor is still lacking. The present cross-sectional study of 25-74 years old male and female living in urban area of Yangon Division aims at determining the prevalence of selected risk factors of NCDs. Furthermore, the study aims at investigating trends in prevalence of NCD risk factors by comparing findings with the previous survey in 2003/2004. Informed consent will be obtained from each participant after explaining the purpose, the method, procedure of the study.