Knowledge and attitudes towards antimicrobial resistance to fluoroquinolones held by pharmacists in Lahore, Pakistan

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of leading cause of death worldwide. AMR has become a major concern in developing countries. Misuse of antibiotics and self-prescription are the major factors behind this alarming situation. Community pharmacists play a key role in dispensing and counselling of antibiotics because they are easily accessible for the community. Pharmacist can play a unique role in AMR by restricting the use of antibiotics.
Fluoroquinolones (a class of broad-spectrum antibiotics) are the most prescribed antibiotics worldwide and resistance is widespread. In Pakistan, over the counter (OTC) sales of antibiotics are very common. The public has a low level of awareness regarding AMR. There is a huge research gap because very few studies have been conducted on pharmacist knowledge and attitudes towards AMR in Pakistan.
This study will investigate pharmacists’ attitudes and knowledge towards fluoroquinolone resistance in Lahore, Pakistan. The results of the study can play an important role in informing local policies directed at AMR and ultimately, in motivating pharmacists to play a proactive role towards AMR reduction.

Prosjektbeskrivelse med vedlegg

Disse dokumentene er kun synlige for prosjektleder, enhetens leder og forskningsadministrasjon.

Prosjektleder / prosjektansvarlig ved UiO

Christoph Gradmann

Ansvarlig enhet

Avdeling for samfunnsmedisin og global helse



  • Studentprosjekt – Bachelor-, master- eller spesialistoppgave

Helsefaglig forskning

  • Nei


  • Nei


  • Start: oktober 2019
  • Slutt: august 2020