A study of personality, trauma and health in the Norwegian population
This is a study of personality, trauma and health in the Norwegian population.
In Norway, people are traumatized every day, but the extent of this is unknown. Individual differences may be crucial for someone who develops post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and someone who does not development PTSD. One possible factor may be personality. For the past ten years the personality factor dispositional optimism has gained great attention in medical research. Optimism has been associated with better health, both mentally and physically. Therefore, we assume that pessimism would be associated with PTSD, mental health, fatigue and the fear of flying. The Life Orientation Test Revised (LOT-R) is often used to measure dispositional optimism. Only one study was identified that provided normative data for the LOT-R on a normal population (Germany). However, data from one country cannot be transferred to another country. Normative data for the LOT-R from the Norwegian population is needed in order to interpret findings from studies on different patient groups in Norway. The present study intends to obtain normative data for LOT-R, in addition to investigate the prevalence of trauma, PTSD, fatigue and flight fright and to investigate these variables relationships to optimism.
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