Syllabus/achievement requirements


Articles that have a web-link are marked with (€). Note: Most journals can only be accessed via the University of Oslo’s network. Articles not available via a web-link are collected in a compendium that can be obtained from Akademika kopi-utsalg. These articles are marked with *


Students are encouraged to complete reading in advance of lectures. Complete reading list for each lecture can be found in the Fronter-rom for this course.


Book for purchase:

Caple, C. 2000. Conservation Skills. Judgement, Method and Decision making, London: Routledge.

NB. There are a few copies available in the library.


Lecture 1: What is cultural heritage, why should it be preserved and who should preserve it?

(€) Ahmad, Y. (2006) ‘The scope and definitions of heritage. From tangible to Intangible’. International Journal of Heritage Studies, Vol. 12, No. 3, May 2006, pp. 292–300


(€) (2004) ‘Reevaluating the ICOM Defenition of the museum’, ‘Collection=Museum’ and ‘The non-profit status of the museum’, ICOM News, No.2


 (€) UNESCO (2012) ‘World heritage and World Heritage Information Kit’


(€) Unesco (2012) 'The World Heritage Convention'.


(€) Lewis, G.D. (2012) ‘The history of museums’. Encyclopaedia Britannica


(€) Bruno, S. Steiner, F. and Steiner, L. (2011) World Heritage List: does it make sense? International Journal of Cultural Policy, 17:5, 555-573.


Lecture 2: The nature and history of conservation.


Viñas, S. M. 2005. ‘Chapter 1: What is Conservation’, in Contemporary Theory of Conservation, Amsterdam:Elsevier, pp. 1-25.


(€) Ward, P. 1986. The nature of Conservation: A Race Against Time, Chapter 1-3. Getty Conservation Institute, Marina del Rey.


(€) Gaël de Guichen (2014) Conservation today and professional excellence: some questions. In Šola, T. S. and Cipek, L. (eds.) 2014. The Best in Heritage, Dubrovnik, Croatia, 25-27 September 2014, 13th edition, in partnership with Europa Nostra, under special patronage of ICOM. Zagreb: European Heritage Association, The Best in Heritage.


(€) Pey, E. and Sully, D. (2007). ‘Evolving challenges, developing skills’. The Conservator, 30:1


(€) ICOM Committee for Conservation (1984) ‘The Conservator-Restorer. A definition of the Profession’.  


(€) ICOM-CC  ‘What is conservation?


(€) ENCoRE 2001. Clarification of Conservation/Education at University Level or Recognised Equivalent, 3rd General Assembly, 19-22 juni 2001 Munich, Germany


*Keck, S. 1996. ‘Further Materials for a History of Conservation’, i (eds)N.S.  Price,M.K.Talley Jr and A.M. Vaccaro, Readings in Conservation: Historical and Philosophical Issues in the Conservation of Cultural Heritage, Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute, pp. 281-287.


Lecture 3: The meaning of objects

*Pye, E. 2001. ‘Chapter 4: The meaning of objects’, in Caring for the past. Issues in Conservation for Archaeology and Museums, London: James and James, pp. 57-76.


(€) Gurian, E.H. (1999) ‘What is the object of this exercise? A meandering exploration of the many meanings of objects in museums’. Humanities Research, Vol.8, No.1, pp. 25-36.


(€) Szmelter, I. (2013) ‘New values of cultural heritage and the need for a new paradigm regarding its care’. CeROArt,


*Keene, S. 2005. Chapter 3: ‘Collections’, in Fragments of the World. Uses of Museum Collections, Amsterdam, Elsevier, pp. 25-44.


(€) Carey, C. (2008) ‘Modelling collecting behaviors: The role of set completion. Journal of Economic Psychology, Vol 29, Issue 3, pp. 336-347.


*Pearce, S. 1995. ‘Collecting as medium and message’, in (ed) Eilean Hooper-Greenhill, Museum, Media and Message, London, Routledge, pp15-23.


(€) The NARA document on authenticity. 1994


Lecture 4: Conservation ethics and theory

(€)E.C.C.O. professional guidelines and code of ethics 1-4.


(€)ICOM Code of Ethics for Museums.


*Schiessl, U. 1995. ‘The Development of the Profession and its ethical rules’, in (ed) Rötheli-Mariotti, The Restoration of Works of Art. Legal and Ethical Aspects, Geneva: Geneva Art Law Centre, pp. 203-229.


(€) Sease, C. 1998.'Codes of Ethics for Conservation' , International Journal of Cultural Property, vol. 7 number 1,1998, p. 98-115


*Hanssen-Bauer, F. 1996.. ‘Stability as a technical and an ethical requirement in conservation’ .ICOM committee for conservation, 11th triennial meeting in Edinburgh, Scotland, 1-6 September  Preprints, pp.



(€) Allington-Jones, L. (2013). ‘The Phoenix: The role of conservation ethics in the development of St Pancras Railway Station (London, UK). Journal of Conservation and Museums Studies, 11(1), p.Art.1.


(€) Trusheim, L. (2011) ‘Balancing ethics and restoration in the conservation treatment of an 18th century seving box with tortoiseshell veneer’ Objects Speciality Group Postprints, Volume eighteen, pp. 127-147.



(€) The Venice Charter, International charter for the conservation and restoration of monuments and sites, 1964


(€) The Burra Charter (The Australian ICOMOS Charter for the conservation of Places of Cultural Significance 1979.


(€) The declaration of Dresden, Reconstruction of Monuments Destroyed by War


(€)The Nara document of authenticity, 1994


(€) The declaration of San Antonio, 1996,


Lecture 5: Investigating and recording objects


(€) Moore, M. 2001. ‘Conservation Documentation and the implications of digitisation’, Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies, Issue 7.


(€) Ianna, C. 2001. ‘Non-destructive techniques used in material conservation’, in 10th Asia-Pacific Conference on Non-Destructive Testing, Brisbane, Australia, 17-21 September


*Caple, C. 2006. Objects, Chapter 1, Abingdon and New York: Routledge, pp. 1-32.


(€) Conservation Perspectives. The GCI Newsletter. Collections Research, spring 2010.



Lecture 6: Processes of conservation


Case-studies Conservation Journal V&A



Lecture 7: Using collections. The balance between preservation and use.


*Keene, S. 1994. Objects as systems: A new challenge for conservation, in (ed.) Andrew Oddy, Restoration: Is it Acceptable?, British Museum, Occasional Paper 90, pp. 19-25.


(€) Lister, A. and Banks, J. (2008). ‘Unlimited access: safeguarding historic textiles on open display in public buildings in the UK’., Studies in Conservation, 53: sup1. pp. 151-161


 (€) Pye, E. (2010). ‘Collections mobility perspectives on conservation: Emphasis on the original object’. S. Petterson, M. Hagedorn-Saupe, T. Jyrkkiö amd A. Weij (eds.) In Encouraging collections mobility – A way forward for museums in Europe. Lending for Europe 21st Century. pp.136- 149.


(€) Périer-D’Ieteren, C. 1998. ‘Tourism and conservation’. I Museum International 50(4), Oxford: Blackwelll publishers, pp. 5-14


(€) Orbaşli, A(2000) Is Tourism Governing Conservation in Historic Towns? Journal of Architectural Conservation, 6:3, 7-19


Lecture 8. Introduction to preventive conservation and agents of deterioration


*Bradley, S. 1994 ’Chapter 6: Do objects have a finite lifetime?’, in (Ed) Simon J.Knell, Care of Collections, London: Routledge, pp. 51-59.


(€) Lewin, J. 1992. ‘Preventive Conservation’. GCI Newsletter 7 (1), pp.4-7


*Michalski, S. 1994. ‘A systematic approach to preservation. Description and integration with other museum activities’, in (Eds.) Roy Ashok and Perry Smith, Preventive Conservation. Practice Theory and research,

Preprints of the Contributions to the Ottawa Congress, 12-16 September, pp.8-11.


(€) De Guichen, Gaël (1999) Preventive conservation: a mere fad or far-reaching change? Museum International (UNESCO, Paris), No. 201, Vol. 51, No. 1, 4-6


(€) Foekje Boersma (2016). ‘Preventive conservation-more than ‘dusting objects’? An overview of the development of the preventive conservation profession’. Journal of the Institute of Conservation, 39:1, 3-17.


*S. Knell, 1994. ‘Introduction: The context of collections care’, in (ed.) Simon J. Knell, Care of collections, London and New York: Routledge, 1-10.


(€) Kaplan, E. 2005. ‘Integrating preventive conservation into a collections move and rehousing project at the national museum of the American Indian’, JAIC, Vol 44, Nr.3, 217-232


*Staniforth, S. 2006. ‘Agents of deterioration’, in The National Trust Manual of Housekeping. The care of collections in historic houses open to the public. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp.45-53.


Lecture 9: Stewardship, an integral approach to responsible use of collections


(€) Ashley-Smith, J. (2002). ‘Sustainability and precaution – Part 1. Conservation Journal, Spring, Issue 40.


(€) Ashley-Smith, J. (2003). ‘Sustainability and precaution – Part 2 How precautionary should we be?. Conservation Journal, Spring, Issue 44.


(€) De Silva, M. and Hendersen, J. (2011) Sustainability in conservation practice. Journal of the Institute of Conservation, Volume 34, Issue 1, pp.5-15.


(€) Podany, Jerry (2009) Sustainable Stewardship: Preventive conservation in a changing world


(€) Claire Fry, Amber Xavier-Rowe, Frances Halahan and Jennifer Dinsmore, 2007. What’s causing the damage! The use of a combined solution-based risk assessment and condition audit,, in (eds.) Tim Padfield and  Karen Borchersen,  Museum Microclimates,  National Museum of Denmark ,Copenhagen,  pp.107-114.


*Avrami, E. 2009. ‘Heritage, Values, and Sustainability’, in (Eds) Alison Richmond and Alison Bracker, Conservation. Principles, Dilemmas and Uncomfortable Truths, Butterworth and Heinemann, Amsterdam, pp.177-183.


Published June 23, 2017 11:01 AM - Last modified Aug. 1, 2017 9:33 AM