Pensum/læringskrav

Hvert pensumpunkt markerer hvilket undervisningstillfelle den aktuelle artikkelen hører til. Utvidet pensum fra gjesteforelesere kan ventes underveis i semesteret. Pensum til Prescotts 2 forelesninger finnes som masterkopier i Blindernveien 11.

L1

Barker, P.: Techniques of Archaeological Excavation (3rd Ed.), B.T.Batsford, London 1995. Chapter 2: How archaeological sites are formed pp. 16 -35.

Hole, F. Heizer, R. F.: An Introduction to Prehistoric Archaeology, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, INC 1973. Chapter 5: Preservation of Archaeological Evidence pp.87 - 109, Chapter 7: Archaeological Context pp. 134 - 157.

Price, T.D: Principles of archaeology. McGraw-Hill Higher Education 2006. Chapter 9: Geoarchaeology pp. 245-266.

L2

Prestvik, Olav: Naturgrunnlaget - Lufta - berggrunnen - lausavsetningene - jordsmonnet - vatnet Landbruksforlaget, Oslo 1992. s. 22-82, 88-89, 94-96.

www.eoearth.org/article/Soil

L3

Schiffer, M.B. Formation processes of the archaeological record. University of Utah Press, 1996[1987]. Chapter 6: Disturbance processes pp.121-140, 8: Environmental formation processes: The site pp.199-235.

Anbefalt tilleggslesing L1 + L2

Schiffer, M.B. Formation processes of the archaeological record. University of Utah Press, 1996[1987]. Chapter:10: The identification of formation processes pp. 263-302

L4 = SEMINAR 1

Essential Reading for seminar 1

Prestvik, Olav: "Naturgrunnlaget - Lufta - berggrunnen - lausavsetningene - jordsmonnet - vatnet, Landbruksforlaget, Oslo 1992. s. 22-82, 88-89, 94-96.

Schiffer, M.B. Formation processes of the archaeological record. University of Utah Press, 1996[1987]. Chapter 6: Disturbance processes pp.121-140, 8: Environmental formation processes: The site pp.199-235.

L5

Garvie, Laurence et. al. (2008) Nanometer-scale complexity, growth, and diagenisis in desert varnish. Geology 36. s. 215 - 218.

Gordon, Steven & Dorn, Ronald (2005) In situ weathering rind erosion. Geomorphology 6. s. 97-113.

Liu,Tanzhuo & Broecker, Wallace (2000) How fast does Rock Varnish Grow? Geology 28. s. 183-186.

Purdy, Barbara (1981) Pyrotechnology: Prehistoric Application to Chert Material. North America Early Pyrotechnology: the Evolution of the First Fire-Using Industries, (ed), T.A. Wertime and S.F. Wertime, Washington, D.C. Smithsonian. s. 31-44.

Purdy, Barbara A. (1975) Fractures for the Archeologist, 1975. Lithic Technology, edited by E. Swanson. s. 133-141.

Rottländer, R. (1975) ‘The Formation of Patina on Flint ’ Archaeometry The Bulletin of the Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art. Oxford University 17. s. 106-110.

Schmalz, Robert F. (1960) Flint and the Patination of flint Artifacts. The Prehistoric Society. s. 44 - 49.

Zerboni, Andrea (2008) `Holocene rock Varnish on the Messak plateau (Libyan Sahara): Chronology of Weathering Processes`, in Geomorphology 102. s. 640-651.

L6

Metal

Turner-Walker, G. (2008) Chapter 1 The nature and Properties of Metals & Chapter 2 The Nature and Properties of Metals. A Practical Guide to the Care and Conservation of Metals. Headquarters Administration of Cultural Heritage, Council for Cultural Affairs, Taiwan. [pages 23-28]

Turner-Walker, G. (2008) Chapter 3 Principles of Metal Corrosion. A Practical Guide to the Care and Conservation of Metals. Headquarters Administration of Cultural Heritage, Council for Cultural Affairs, Taiwan. [pages 49-64]

Vega, E. Berger, P. and Dillmann, P. (2005) A study of transport phenomena in the corrosion products of ferrous archaeological objects. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 240 [pages 554–558]

Réguer, S., Dillmann, P. and Mirambet, F. (2007) Buried iron archaeological artefacts: Corrosion mechanisms related to the presence of Cl-containing phases. Corrosion Science 49 [pages 2726–2744]

Réguer, S., Dillmann, P. Mirambet, F. and Bellot-Gurlet L. (2005) Local and structural characterisation of chlorinated phases formed on ferrous archaeological artefacts by μXRD and μXANES. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 240 [pages 500–504]

Rémazeilles, C., Neff, D., Kergourlay, F., Foy, E., Conforto, E., Guilminot, S., Reguer, S., Refait, P. and Dillmann, P. (2009) Mechanisms of long-term anaerobic corrosion of iron archaeological artefacts in seawater. Corrosion Science 51 [pages 2932–2941]

Additional Reading

Saheb, M., Neff, D., Dillmann, P., Matthiesen, H. Foy, E. (2008) Long-term corrosion behaviour of low-carbon steel in anoxic environment: Characterisation of archaeological artefacts. Journal of Nuclear Materials 379 [pages 118–123]

L7

Bone

Turner-Walker, G. (2009) Degradation pathways and conservation strategies for ancient bone from wet, anoxic sites. Proceedings of the 10th Triennial Meeting of the ICOM-CC Working Group for Wet Organic Archaeological Materials. H. D.J. Huisman K. Strætkvern (Eds.) 10-15th September 2007. [pages 1-10]

Turner-Walker, G. & Peacock, E.E. (2008) Preliminary results of bone diagenesis in Scandinavian bogs. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology: 266. [pages 1-9]

Turner-Walker, G. & Jans, M. (2008) Reconstructing taphonomic histories using histological analyses. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology: 266. [pages 1-8]

Turner-Walker, G. (2008) The chemical and microbial degradation of bones and teeth. In Advances in Human Palaeopathology. (Ron Pinhasi and Simon Mays eds) Wiley, Chichester, England. [pages 1-25]

Turner-Walker, G. Nielsen-Marsh, C. M. Syversen, U. Kars H., Collins M. J. (2002) Sub-micron spongiform porosity is the major ultra-structural alteration occurring in archaeological bone, International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 12. [pages 407-414]

Turner-Walker, G. (1998) The West Runton fossil elephant: a pre-conservation evaluation of its condition, chemistry and burial environment. The Conservator 22. [pages 26-34]

Additional Reading

Turner-Walker, G. (for 1998) Pyrite and bone diagenesis in terrestrial sediments: Evidence from the West Runton Fresh Water Bed. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Norfolk.48: (published 1999) [pages 3-23]

L8

Preservation of Soft Organics

Ambrose, W.: Natural Causes in the deterioration of buried archaeological materials. Aboriginal Antiquities in Australia: Their Nature and Preservation, McCarthy, F.D. (ed.). Australian Aboriginal Studies No. 22. 1970. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies. pp. 109-113, 5 sider.

Blanchette, R.A.: A review of microbial deterioration found in archaeological wood from different environments, 2000. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 46. (189-204), 16 sider. Cronyn, J.M.: The deterioration of organic materials. Handbook of Archaeological Science, Brothwell and Pollard (eds). 2001. Chichester: Wiley. s. 94-100, 7 sider.

Cronyn, J.M.:The Elements of Archaeological Conservation. 1995. Routledge, London. (14-29), 16 sider.

Cronyn, J.M. , Pye, E. og Watson, J.: The recognition and identification of traces of organic materials in association with metal artefacts, Ancient Monuments Laboratory 1983 4 sider.

Reed, R. : The discovery sites of skin objects. Ancient Skins, Parchments and Leathers. 1972. London: Seminar Press. (187-195), 9 sider.

Vogt, E.: Sites and preservation of prehistoric basketry and woven fabrics. Ciba Review, 56, 1947. 1938-1943, 6 sider.

L9

In-situ Preservation

Aaby, B., Gregory, D., Jensen, P. og Smith Sørensen, T.: In situ-bevaring af oldsager i Nydam Mose, Nationalmuseets Arbejdsmark, 1999. s. 35-44, 10 sider. Coles, J.M.: The preservation of archaeological sites by environmental intervention. In situ Archeological Conservation, Marina del Rey: Getty Conservation Institute 1987. s. 32-55, 24 sider.

Demas, M., Agnew, N., Simon, W., Podany, J., Bass, A. og Kamamba, D.: Preservation of the Laetoli Hominid trackway in Tanzania. Archaeological Conservation and its Consequences, London: IIC 1996. s 38-43, 6 sider.

Goodburn-Brown, D. og Hughes, R.: A review of some conservation procedures for the reburial of archaeological sites in London. Archaeological Conservation and its Consequences, London: IIC 1996. s. 65-69, 5 sider. Olsson, Andéas: Återdeponering av arkologiska fynd i Marstrands hamn, mt 3-4, 2000. s. 24-29, 5 sider. Peacock, E. E. og Turner-Walker, G.: Erkebispens nye dusj. Spor, Nr 1, 1998. s. 44-47, 4 sider. Stewart, J. Conservation of archaeological mosaic pavements by means of reburial. : Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites, 6(3&4), 2004. s. 237-246, 10 sider.

Van der Noort, R., Chapman, H.P. og Cheetham, J.L.: ln situ preservation as a dynamic process: the example of Sutton Common, UK. Antiquity 75, 2001. s 94-100. 7 sider.

L10 = SEMINAR 2

Essential Reading for Seminar 2

Turner-Walker, G. (2008) Chapter 3 Principles of Metal Corrosion. A Practical Guide to the Care and Conservation of Metals. Headquarters Administration of Cultural Heritage, Council for Cultural Affairs, Taiwan. [pages 49-64]

Turner-Walker, G. & Jans, M. (2008) Reconstructing taphonomic histories using histological analyses. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology: 266. [pages 1-8]

Hole, F. Heizer, R. F.: An Introduction to Prehistoric Archaeology, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, INC 1973. Chapter 5: Preservation of Archaeological Evidence pp.87 - 109, Chapter 7: Archaeological Context pp. 134 - 157.

Purdy, Barbara A.: Fractures for the Archeologist, 1975. In Lithic Technology, edited by E. Swanson. s. 133-141. Mouton, The Hague.

Gordon and Dorn 2004 In situ weathering rind erosion. Geomorphology 6: 97-113

L11

Cronyn, J. M.: "Agents of deterioration and preservation" i The elements of archaeological conservation, 1996. Routledge. pages 14 - 42

Knight, Barry: "A review of the corrosion of iron from terrestrial sites and the problem of post-excavation corrosion" i The Conservator No 14, 1990. s. 37-43.

Jensen, E. L., Salomonsen, E. og Strætkvern, K.: "From a waterlogged site to the archaeologist's desk - New packing methods with a minimum of handling" i Archaeological conservation and its consequences, 1996. s. 89-93.

Watkinson, D. og Neal, V.: "Excavation and decay" i First Aid for Finds, 1998. Rescue/UKIC. The Museum of London. s. 7-11 og 32-70.

Publisert 30. nov. 2009 11:20 - Sist endret 6. apr. 2010 12:26