IDE2014 – The Public Sphere, Freedom of Press and Political Ideas around 1814
The Norwegian Constitution of 1814 declared, among other things, that “There shall be freedom of print” and “Everyone shall be free to speak his mind frankly on the administration of the State and on any other subject whatsoever” (Article 100). Ever since, freedom of expression and a public deliberation have been conceived as self-evident features of modern democracy in Norway. But what is a public sphere? How did ideas of freedom of expression develop? Why should jews not be admitted into the country? And what does popular sovereignty mean?
The course investigates main points in the intellectual and institutional background for some of the political ideas expressed in the Norwegian Constitution of 1814. It addresses the emergence of a debating public sphere and modern political ideas both in Europe and in Denmark-Norway prior to 1814. The syllabus provides historical overview and presents various theoretical perspectives in the research on the history of the public sphere and modern political ideas. Primary sources will be part of the syllabus.
After completing this course you will have:
- Acquired knowledge about the intellectual and historical background for crucial political ideas in the Norwegian Constitution of 1814
- Learned to identify theoretical developments in the research on the history of the public sphere and the idea of freedom of expression
- Developed your skills in reading and analyzing primary sources from 18th and 19th century intellectual history
Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.
If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.
Recommended previous knowledge
The course requires basic knowledge of Scandinavian history and European intellectual history. It assumes a good proficiency in oral and written English.
10 credits overlap with IDE4014 – The Public Sphere, Freedom of Press and Political Ideas around 1814
10 double sessions of lectures, 5 double sessions of seminars and up to four double sessions of guest lectures.
You are expected to participate actively in the seminar discussions. Teaching activity will also take place in Canvas.
Three-day home examination.
Submit assignments in Inspera
You submit your assignment in the digital examination system Inspera. Read about how to submit assignments in Inspera.
Use of sources and citation
Language of examination
You may submit your response in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English. The exam text will be available in English and Norwegian.
Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.
Explanations and appeals
Resit an examination
Withdrawal from an examination
It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.
Special examination arrangements
Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.
All courses are subject to continuous evaluation. The Department's assessments of courses are
available at our web-pages but generally only in Norwegian.