KOS4050 – Religion and Politics
Schedule, syllabus and examination date
Imagine a world where everybody shares the same values; where everybody agrees on what is most important and what the good life means. Then take a look at a newspaper and count how often religion is singled out as the cause of conflicts. This course tries to make sense of what is at stake in some of these conflicts.
Religion is a contested issue across the world. However, religion is not 'one thing' but a category with unclear borders – from peaceful yogis to furious gods, holy texts and bloody sacrifice, from monotheistic to polytheistic to nontheistic religions. But everywhere religious activities – and sometimes religious beliefs – are regulated by state law. In some countries the state has allowed religion a place in the political structuring of the state, as for instance in Saudi Arabia (Wahabbi Islam) or Sri Lanka (Theravada Buddhism). Other states have opted for secularism, whether by maintaining a strict divide between the political and the religious realm (France), or by a formal commitment to treat all religions even-handedly (as in India). Yet others again keep religion under strict state control (Russia and China) or define one religion as state church (Denmark).
The international political field is increasingly regulated by norms (trade rules) and regulations (human rights), but religion is systematically excluded from international politics. This does not mean that the political role of religion has been resolved, on the contrary, as illustrated by violent blasphemy controversies across the world – from Europe (Charlie Hebdo 2015) to South Asia (Asia Bibi 2018) and the Middle East (Raif Badawi 2015).
In this course we take the state-religion nexus as a starting-point for a comparative approach to 6 topical areas (examples in parenthesis):
1. Religion and state (how laws define the religion-state nexus differently)
2. Freedom of religion – whose freedom? (cases of blasphemy)
3. Secularisation (what happens when religion is subsumed under the secular state)
4. Violence (what is special about religious extremism)
5. Religious nationalism (identity politics)
6. Majority/minority religion (problems of religious and ethnic pluralism)
Train your analytical abilities. Upon successful completion of the course you will be able to:
- Identify and analyse the religious aspects of political conflicts
- Compare religio-political cases from different socio-cultural and historical contexts
- Integrate analytical concepts and theories from diverse disciplines (such as the study of religion, area studies, cultural history) into a coherent framework critically identify and analyse the religious aspects of political conflicts
- Work in interdisciplinary teams to address current political debates
- Contribute insights from your own discipline to a wider research context
Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.
If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.
Formal prerequisite knowledge
In order to take the course you have to be registered as an MA student at the University of Oslo.
10 credits overlap with REL4020 – Religion and Politics (continued)
The course is taught through a combination of lectures and seminars of two hours duration. Students' activities and team work will be emphasized throughout. To ensure active learning and promote a nice student environment, the students will be organized in inter-disciplinary teams that cooperate on the compulsory tasks. Preparatory team work will take place during and in-between the seminars. Students will organize their work as they see fit.
The teaching consists of:
- 9 lectures throughout the semester
- 3 seminars throughout the semester
- 3 compulsory assignments
All compulsory activities must be approved in order to qualify for the exam. It is the student’s responsibility to check whether or not the compulsory activities are approved. This is how you apply for valid absence from compulsory activities/compulsory attendance.
The compulsory activity is only valid for one semester.
Submit assignments in Inspera
You submit your assignment in the digital examination system Inspera. Read about how to submit assignments in Inspera.
Use of sources and citation
Language of examination
You may write your examination paper in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English.
Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.
Explanations and appeals
Resit an examination
Withdrawal from an examination
It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.
Special examination arrangements
Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.