• Algeo, J. 2010 [6th ed.]. The Origins and Development of the English Language. Boston: Wadsworth.
  • Quirk, R. & C.L. Wrenn.1990. An Old English Grammar. London: Routledge.

Compendium with notes, texts and article:


  • Notes on OE and ME language
  • Note on ‘the Great Vowel Shift’

Primary texts:            

  • ‘The Battle of Ashdown’                                  
  • ‘The Voyage of Ohthere’
  • ‘The Nativity of Christ’: OE, ME, & eModE versions
  • The Orrmulum (extract)
  • Chaucer, G.: ‘The Wife of Bath’s Tale’ (extract)
  • Ascham, R.: ‘Seeing the Wind’
  • Wilson, T.: ‘Inkhorn Terms’
  • Greene, R.: Pandosto (extract)


  • Cameron, K. 1996. ‘Ch. 6: Scandinavian place-names’; pp. 73-87. In: English place names. London: BT Batsford.

Supplementary reading

  • Bennett, J.A.W. & G.V. Smithers (eds.). 1966. ‘Early Middle English’; pp. xviii-lviii of Early Middle English Verse and Prose, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Crystal, D. 2012. English as a Global Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Published Nov. 12, 2015 11:20 AM