Schedule, syllabus and examination date

Choose semester

Course content

Cloud condensation nuclei, formation of cloud droplets. Growth of cloud droplets by condensation and coalescence. Formation and growth of ice crystals. Mixing of air masses and convection. Precipitation processes, weather radar, thunderstorms, hail. Numerical cloud models.

Learning outcome

The student will be able to carry out meteorological work within the areas of clouds, evaporation and precipitation.


PhD candidates from the University of Oslo should apply for classes and register for examinations through Studentweb.

If a course has limited intake capacity, priority will be given to PhD candidates who follow an individual education plan where this particular course is included. Some national researchers’ schools may have specific rules for ranking applicants for courses with limited intake capacity.

PhD candidates who have been admitted to another higher education institution must apply for a position as a visiting student within a given deadline.


Recommended previous knowledge

Some basic knowledge of atmospheric thermodynamics and cloud physics, GEF2200 – Atmospheric physics

Overlapping courses

10 credits overlap with GEF4310 – Cloud physics

6 credits against GF325


Lectures and exercises/colloquia; approximately 4 hours per week. Seminars where students will present relevant articles/books.

Attendance at the first lecture is compulsory. Students who fail to meet, are considered to have withdrawn from the course unless they have previously given notice to the Studies administration, email address:

The course has mandatory assignments.


Written midterm examination, weighing 1/3 of the final grade. Final oral examination weighing 2/3 of the final grade.

Language of examination

In this course any written exam questions or assignment questions may be available in English only.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a pass/fail scale. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

Students who can document a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.

Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass the original examination.

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.

Facts about this course






Every spring


Every spring

Teaching language