GEO4320 – Hydrological Modelling

Course content

The course is designed to emphasize hydrological concepts while providing useful skills for using well-known hydrological models in simulating hydrological processes. The course is divided into two parts: part I deals with surface water modelling, whereas part II deals with groundwater modelling, as well as the interactions between surface water and groundwater modelling.

Learning outcome

After completing the course, you will be able to

  • classify and evaluate hydrological (both surface water and groundwater) models
  • process and prepare data files for different models
  • solve groundwater flow equations analytically and numerically
  • use well-known models (e.g. HBV, WASMOD, MODFLOW, etc) in water resources assessment, in impact estimation of climate change and land-use change, and in solving groundwater-related problems
  • interpret, analyse and understand the model outputs

Admission to the course

Students admitted at UiO must apply for courses in Studentweb. Students enrolled in other Master's Degree Programmes can, on application, be admitted to the course if this is cleared by their own study programme.

Nordic citizens and applicants residing in the Nordic countries may apply to take this course as a single course student.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures for international applicants.

Overlapping courses


Teaching consists of lectures (4-6 hours) and computer practicals (2-4 hours) per week throughout the semester. 

Attendance at the first lecture is compulsory. Students who fail to meet are considered to have withdrawn from the course unless they have previously given notice to the Student administration ( 

We reserve the right to change the teaching form and examination of the course in semesters where 5 or fewer students have been admitted.


  • Three assignments (application of models) are examined and count together 50% towards the final grade.

  • A final written exam counts 50% towards the final grade.

  • Both the assignments and the final written examination must be passed separately in order to pass the course. 

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

It will also be counted as one of the three attempts to sit the exam for this course if you sit the exam for the following course:

Examination support material

No examination support material is allowed.

Language of examination

The examination text is given in English, and you submit your response in English.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Resit an examination

Students who can document a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.

Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass, the original examination.

Special examination arrangements, use of sources, explanations and appeals

See more about examinations at UiO

Last updated from FS (Common Student System) Nov. 30, 2022 11:17:36 AM

Facts about this course

Teaching language