GEO4530 – Geodesy and Photogrammetry

Course content

This course focuses on three topics in geodesy and surveying: reference systems and map projections, GNSS (GPS, Glonass, Galileo and Beidou) and digital photogrammetry. It provides an overview of the fundamentals of reference systems / map projections, GNSS measurement and processing and the use of airborne (both by plane and drone) and ground-based photogrammetry for geophysical use.

Learning outcome

After finishing this course, you will

  • know different map projections and their strengths and weaknesses
  • know how to use conversion and transformations between different coordinate systems
  • be able to plan a simple geodetic or photogrammetric survey
  • be able to operate GNSS equipment and software
  • know about photogrammetric hardware, including cameras aboard drones and planes
  • be able to produce DEMs and ortho-images from images via the software MicMac and other software

Admission to the course

Students admitted at UiO must apply for courses in Studentweb. Students enrolled in other master's degree programmes can, on application, be admitted to the course if this is cleared by their own study programme.

Nordic citizens and applicants residing in the Nordic countries may apply to take this course as a single course student.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures for international applicants.

Formal prerequisite knowledge

Overlapping courses


Lectures and practicals up to 4 hours per week. From the practicals, three written assignments shall be submitted and will count towards the final grade.

Attendance at the first lecture is compulsory. Students who fail to meet are considered to have withdrawn from the course unless they have previously given notice to the Student administration (

We reserve the right to change the teaching form and examination of the course in semesters where 5 or fewer students have been admitted.


  • Three written assignments count c. 40% towards the final grade.
  • A final oral exam counts c. 60% towards the final grade.
  • All parts must be passed separately in order to pass the course.

When writing your exercises make sure to familiarize yourself with the rules for use of sources and citations. Breach of these rules may lead to suspicion of attempted cheating.

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

It will also be counted as 1 of the 3 attempts to sit the exam for this course if you sit the exam for the following course:

Examination support material

No examination support material is allowed.

Language of examination

The examination text is given in English. You may submit your response in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Resit an examination

Students who can document a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.

Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass, the original examination.

Special examination arrangements, use of sources, explanations and appeals

See more about examinations at UiO

Last updated from FS (Common Student System) Dec. 4, 2022 12:17:36 PM

Facts about this course

Teaching language