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Course content

This course examines the processes that lead to the formation of magmatic and metamorphic rocks. A lecture series is combined with written assignments and a field-based project.

Learning outcome

The students will be trained in:

  • Phase equilibria and phase diagrams relevant to magmatic and metamorphic systems
  • Magmatic processes governing Earth and planetary evolution
  • Mineralogical and geochemical consequences of partial melting, magma migration, differentiation and emplacement in the mantle and the crust.
  • Metamorphic  reactions and geothermobarometry
  • Kinetics of metamorphism and the role of fluids in controlling the rates and mechanisms of metamorphic processes
  • Changes in petrophysical properties in response to metamorphic reactions


Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.


Formal prerequisite knowledge

The following courses must be taken before the first lecture in GEO4860:

For students taking GEO4860 spring 2015 or later, to have GEO4860 included in your degree you must first pass the following HSE courses:

In addition, students taking GEO4860 spring 2016 or later, to have GEO4860 included in your degree you must also pass the following HSE course:

For further information se website for transitional arrangements between old and new HSE courses.

Recommended previous knowledge

GEL2110 – Mineralogy, petrology and geochemistry (continued), basic anorganic chemistry.

Overlapping courses

10 credits overlap with GEO9860 – Advanced Petrology


Lectures, written assignments and an obligatory field project.

Assignments and field project must be approved in order for the student to take the final exam.

Attendance at the first lecture is compulsory. Students who fail to meet, are considered to have withdrawn from the course unless they have previously given notice to the Studies administration, email address:

To attend the course it is required that the following courses must be taken before the first lecture:

You will need to provide documentation that you have passed HMS0504 and HMS0505 when you attend the first lecture.

General information about excursions at the Department of Geosciences

As the teaching involves laboratory and/or field work, you should consider taking out a separate travel and personal risk insurance. Read about your insurance cover as a student.


Written assignment test (20%), three-hour mid-term exam (30%), project report (20%) and three-hour final exam (30%).

Language of examination

In this course may any written exam questions or assignment questions be available in English only.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

Students who can document a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.

Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass the original examination.

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


We reserve the right to change the form of teaching and exams according to the number of students. This will be decided between the teacher and students.

Facts about this course






Every spring


Every spring

Teaching language