Schedule, syllabus and examination date

Choose semester

Course content

In this course you will learn all the important issues related to hydrological modeling including both surface water modeling and groundwater modeling. Interactions between hydrological and climate models, interactions between surface water model with groundwater model. The course is divided into two parts. Part I deals with surface water modeling and part II deals with groundwater modeling, as well as the inactions between surface water and groundwater modeling.

Learning outcome

You will learn how to:

  • classify and evaluate hydrological (both surface water and groundwater) models
  • process and prepare data files for different models
  • solve groundwater flow equations analytically and numerically
  • use well-known models (e.g. HBV, WASMOD, MODFLOW, etc) in water resources assessment, in impact estimation of climate change and land-use change, and in solving groundwater related problems
  • interpret, analyse and understand the model outputs
  • how to code your own simple model


PhD candidates from the University of Oslo should apply for classes and register for examinations through Studentweb.

If a course has limited intake capacity, priority will be given to PhD candidates who follow an individual education plan where this particular course is included. Some national researchers’ schools may have specific rules for ranking applicants for courses with limited intake capacity.

PhD candidates who have been admitted to another higher education institution must apply for a position as a visiting student within a given deadline.


Recommended previous knowledge

Bachelor courses in basic mathematics, statistics and hydrology/meteorology/climatology/physical geography and the master course GEO4310 – Stochastic methods in hydrology (continued)

Overlapping courses

10 credits overlap with GEO4320 – Hydrological modelling


Lectures and computer work.

Attendance at the first lecture is compulsory. Students who fail to meet, are considered to have withdrawn from the course unless they have previously given notice to the Study administration, email address:


Three assignments (application of surface water models, application of groundwater model, code your own simple model with the help of teachers) are examined and count 50% together. A written exam (basic questions) at the end of the course counts 50%.

The questions for the written exam will only be in english.

Language of examination

The examination text is given in English, and you submit your response in English.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a pass/fail scale. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

Students who can document a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.

Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass the original examination.

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

It will also be counted as one of the three attempts to sit the exam for this course, if you sit the exam for one of the following courses: GEO4320 – Hydrological modelling

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.

This course was periodic evaluated in autumn 2013 (pdf, in Norwegian).

Facts about this course






Every autumn


Every autumn

Teaching language