Schedule, syllabus and examination date

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Course content

The main aim of the course is to give knowledge about how the glaciers respond on climate changes. A global perspective will be given with emphasis on examples from Polar Regions. Focus will be on understanding processes and impacts of the climate on glacier behaviour.


  • Glacier mass balance
  • Ice core analysis
  • Glacier dynamics
  • Glacier hydrology
  • Temperature conditions in glaciers

The topics may be given different weight depending on the background of the students.

Learning outcome


  • Understand how different parameters effects the surface mass balance of glaciers
  • Understand the dynamics of the glaciers and the effect on mass changes
  • Be updated on recent and ongoing research activity on glaciers and ice sheets
  • Get insight in the different methods to analyze glacier and ice sheet changes


  • be able to discuss and evaluate recent research activity on glaciers and ice sheets
  • be able to plan field and remote sensing investigations on glaciers


  • The course aims at fostering and developing scientific curiosity around the course theme and a critical reflection of representativeness, accuracy, reliability and importance of the data and results


PhD candidates from the University of Oslo should apply for classes and register for examinations through Studentweb.

If a course has limited intake capacity, priority will be given to PhD candidates who follow an individual education plan where this particular course is included. Some national researchers’ schools may have specific rules for ranking applicants for courses with limited intake capacity.

PhD candidates who have been admitted to another higher education institution must apply for a position as a visiting student within a given deadline.


Recommended previous knowledge

Bachelor courses in physical geography; glaciology/geomorphology

Overlapping courses

10 credits overlap with GEO4420 – Glaciology

5 ECTS points with AG325 given at UNIS.


Lectures and seminars where recent papers will be presented and discussed.

Attendance at the first lecture is compulsory. Students who fail to meet, are considered to have withdrawn from the course unless they have previously given notice to the Student administration (

We reserve the right to change the teaching form and examination of the course in semesters where 5 or fewer students have been admitted.

General information about excursions at the Dept. of Geosciences.

As the teaching involves laboratory and/or field work, you should consider taking out a separate travel and personal risk insurance. Read about your insurance cover as a student.


Written project report on a prescribed topic, oral presentation and discussion of minimum two scientific papers and oral examination (70% weighting on oral exam).

A written exam may be held instead of the oral if there are more than eight students.

Language of examination

In this course any written exam questions or assignment questions may be available in English only.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a pass/fail scale. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

Students who can document a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.

Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass the original examination.

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

It will also be counted as one of the three attempts to sit the exam for this course, if you sit the exam for one of the following courses:

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.

Facts about this course






Every autumn


Every autumn

Teaching language