BIO4230 – Biogeography and Biodiversity

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

Choose semester

Course content

This course concerns the geographical distributions of taxa and populations on global and regional scales and the processes that have given rise to these.

Learning outcome

You learn about basic biogeographical patterns of distribution and their history, and the geophysical, evolutionary and ecological processes behind them. You also learn about methods used for explaining past and current distributions of organisms.


Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.

PhD-students must register for BIO9230.

The courses BIO4230 and BIO9230 have common admission. Applicants are ranked by the following criteria:
1. PhD students and master students at the MN faculty who have the course as part of the approved curriculum.
2. Other PhD students and visiting PhD students.
3. Students with admission to single courses on master’s level and exchange students
4. Applicants are ranked by credits in each group; all applicants within 1st rank before applicants in 2nd etc. If admission is limited to a fixed number of participants, admission will be decided by drawing lots for students who are ranked equally


Formal prerequisite knowledge

No obligatory prerequisites beyond the minimum requirements for entrance to higher education in Norway.


Lectures and computer lessons. Classes are compulsory.

The course is given in first part of the spring semester by Natural History Museum

First lecture is mandatory.  If you can not attend the first lecture, please send a note to, before the first lecture.


One written research project with presentation (weighted 30%) and one written exam (weighted 70%)

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

This course offers both postponed and resit of examination. Read more:

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.


The course is only given if three or more students meet on the first lecture.

How to find us:
The lectures and seminars are given in the auditorium at Department of botany (Botanisk Museum) which is located in the Botanical Garden at Tøyen



Facts about this course






Every other spring starting 2012

Every second spring semester. Next time spring 2018.


Every other spring starting 2012

Every second spring semester. Next time spring 2018.

Teaching language

Norwegian (English on request)