BIO4331 – Human Impact on the Marine Environment

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

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Course content

The course provides an introduction into how current marine environmental problems including eutrophication, toxic algal blooms, climate change and acidification and introduction of waste, contaminants, oil pollution, nano particles and species influence the marine environment. Topics included are impact on individuals, populations, communities and food webs. Other topics include aims and strategies for environmental monitoring and efficient environmental management and how to consider environmental risk and perform impact assessment.

Learning outcome

After completing the course you will have the following competence:

  • Understand current important marine environmental problems.
  • Have insight into method challenges, and be able to critical evaluate reports, publications and environmental data.
  • Have insight into national and international environmental legislation and important international treaties.
  • Have basic understanding of effects studies, environmental monitoring, and evaluation of risk and environmental state from a scientific, regulatory and industrial perspective.


Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.

PhD-students have to register to BIO9331.

The courses BIO4331 and BIO9331 have common admission. Applicants are ranked by the following criteria:
1. PhD students and master students at the MN faculty who have the course as part of the approved curriculum.
2. Other PhD students and visiting PhD students.
3. Students with admission to single courses on master’s level and exchange students
4. Applicants are ranked by credits in each group; all applicants within 1st rank before applicants in 2nd etc. If admission is limited to a fixed number of participants, admission will be decided by drawing lots for students who are ranked equally


Recommended previous knowledge

Basic knowledge in general chemistry and biology, BIO4400 – Pelagic Ecology , and BIO4301 – Marine benthic ecology.


The teaching takes place in week 40-45 and will consist of lectures , and mandatory groupwork. All groupwork is mandatory, but a maximum of 20% absence is accepted. The groupwork will consist of demonstrations, excursions and discussions. In addition there will be mandatory individual presentations.

First lecture is mandatory.  If you can not attend the first lecture, please send a note to, before the first lecture.


Final written digital exam in week 45, 3 hrs, counts 100 %.

To get permission to take the final exam you have to pass the mandatory participation on the group work, and give a presentation.

Digital examination

The written examination is conducted in the digital examination system Inspera. You will need to familiarize yourself with the digital examination arrangements in Inspera.

Read more about written examinations using Inspera.

Examination support material

No examination support material is allowed.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

This course offers both postponed and resit of examination. Read more:

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.

Facts about this course






Every autumn

The course has to have three or more registered students to be lectured.


Every autumn

The name of the course has changed in 2016

Teaching language

Norwegian (English on request)