This course is discontinued

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

Choose semester

Course content

Evolution of marine mammals, communication, soial structures, feeding ecology, growth, population dynamics, epidemics, stock assesment and catch history.

Learning outcome

This course provides the following competence:

  • a detailed knowledge of how evolution has formed the sea mammals (understanding of how the body was shaped including the form of vertebrates, limbs, skull and the hearing system),
  • achieve an understanding of the physiological adaptation to life in the sea (understanding of special adaptations as water balance, diving and underwater sound production and hearing),
  • obtain knowledge about the upper part of the marine food chain (zooplankton, fish, seals and whales); the bioenergetics of sea mammals and the relationship between prey and predator,
  • get an insight into various sicknesses with negative impact on the whole population (understand what happens during mass mortality of seals and whales),
  • obtain knowledge about the population processes forming a basis for a sustainable harvest.


Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.

Overlapping courses

The course might overlap with older courses. Contact the students administrations office if you have questions.


The course is given in the first part of the spring semester.

Lectures, demonstrations and colloquia.

Curriculum consists of lectures and presentations published on Canvas

First lecture is mandatory.  If you can not attend the first lecture, please send a note to, before the first lecture.


Written exam (3h) weighted 100%.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

This course offers both postponed and resit of examination. Read more:

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.


The course is only lectured if at least three students meet on the first lecture.

Facts about this course






Every spring

Cancelled Spring 2019


Every spring

Teaching language

Norwegian (English on request)