This course is replaced by BIOS9214.

BIO9230 – Biogeography and Biodiversity

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

Choose semester

Exams after the reopening

As a general rule, exams will be conducted without physical attendance in the autumn of 2021, even after the reopening. See the semester page for information about the form of examination in your course. See also more information about examination at the MN Faculty in 2021.

Course content

This course concerns the geographical distributions of taxa and populations on global and regional scales and the processes that have given rise to these.

Learning outcome

You learn about basic biogeographical patterns of distribution and their history, and the geophysical, evolutionary and ecological processes behind them. You also learn about methods used for explaining past and current distributions of organisms.

Admission to the course

PhD candidates from the University of Oslo should apply for classes and register for examinations through Studentweb.

If a course has limited intake capacity, priority will be given to PhD candidates who follow an individual education plan where this particular course is included. Some national researchers’ schools may have specific rules for ranking applicants for courses with limited intake capacity.

PhD candidates who have been admitted to another higher education institution must apply for a position as a visiting student within a given deadline.

The courses BIO4230 and BIO9230 have joint admission. There is a total of 30 seats at these subjects. Applicants are ranked by the following criteria:

1. PhD students and master students at the MN faculty who have the course as part of the approved curriculum.

2. Other PhD students and visiting PhD students.

3. Students with admission to single courses on master’s level and exchange students

4. Applicants are ranked by credits in each group; all applicants within 1st rank before applicants in 2nd etc. If admission is limited to a fixed number of participants, admission will be decided by drawing lots for students who are ranked equally

Overlapping courses


Lectures and computer lessons. Classes are compulsory.

The course is given by Natural History Museum. The lectures and seminars are given in the auditorium at Department of botany (Botanisk Museum) which is located in the Botanical Garden at Tøyen

First lecture is mandatory. If you can not attend the first lecture, please send a note to, before the first lecture.

The course is only given if three or more students meet on the first lecture.


One written research project with presentation (weighted 30%) and one written exam (weighted 70%)

PhD students get an extra exam question (compared to Master students). This question is based on an additional litterature material. PhD students have to make a separate project and presentation each, while Master students can work together in pairs.

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt. It will also be counted as one of the three attempts to sit the exam for this course, if you sit the exam for one of the following courses: BIO4230 – Biogeography and Biodiversity (continued)

Examination support material

Written exam: No examination support material is allowed.

Project report: All examination support material is allowed.

Language of examination

You may write your examination paper in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a pass/fail scale. Read more about the grading system.

Resit an examination

This course offers both postponed and resit of examination. Read more:

Special examination arrangements, use of sources, explanations and appeals

See more about examinations at UiO

Last updated from FS (Common Student System) Oct. 23, 2021 1:19:10 AM

Facts about this course


Every other spring

The course is last held spring 2020


Examination is last held spring 2022

Teaching language
Norwegian (English on request)