BIO9230 – Biogeography and Biodiversity

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

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Course content

This course concerns the geographical distributions of taxa and populations on global and regional scales and the processes that have given rise to these.

Learning outcome

You learn about basic biogeographical patterns of distribution and their history, and the geophysical, evolutionary and ecological processes behind them. You also learn about methods used for explaining past and current distributions of organisms.


PhD candidates from the University of Oslo should apply for classes and register for examinations through Studentweb.

If a course has limited intake capacity, priority will be given to PhD candidates who follow an individual education plan where this particular course is included. Some national researchers’ schools may have specific rules for ranking applicants for courses with limited intake capacity.

PhD candidates who have been admitted to another higher education institution must apply for a position as a visiting student within a given deadline.

The courses BIO4230 and BIO9230 have common admission. Applicants are ranked by the following criteria:
1. PhD students and master students at the MN faculty who have the course as part of the approved curriculum.
2. Other PhD students and visiting PhD students.
3. Students with admission to single courses on master’s level and exchange students
4. Applicants are ranked by credits in each group; all applicants within 1st rank before applicants in 2nd etc. If admission is limited to a fixed number of participants, admission will be decided by drawing lots for students who are ranked equally


Formal prerequisite knowledge

No obligatory prerequisites beyond the minimum requirements for entrance to higher education in Norway.


Lectures and computer lessons. Classes are compulsory.

The course is given in first part of the spring semester by Natural History Museum

First lecture is mandatory.  If you can not attend the first lecture, please send a note to, before the first lecture.


One written research project with presentation (weighted 30%) and one written exam (weighted 70%)

PhD students get an extra exam question (compared to Master
students). This question is based on an additional
litterature material. PhD students
have to make a separate project and presentation each, while Master students can work together in pairs.

Examination support material

No examination support material is allowed.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a pass/fail scale. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

This course offers both postponed and resit of examination. Read more:

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.


The course is only given if three or more students meet on the first lecture.

How to find us:
The lectures and seminars are given in the auditorium at Department of Botany (Botanisk Museum) which is located in the Botanical Garden at Tøyen


Facts about this course






Spring 2018


Spring 2018

Teaching language

Norwegian (English on request)