This course is discontinued

Syllabus/achievement requirements

PSY4301: Reading materials

Below is a list of central literature on some selected research areas within judgment and decision making/social cognition. The list contains a large number of articles/book chapters. It is not expected that you read it all! Mandatory readings are marked as such in bold print.

For the “Student presentation of research literature”-seminars, you will have to present one article (on one of the seminars). You will find a list of possible articles for the different seminars below the reading materials for the lectures. As soon as you have decided which article you want to present, inform the course coordinator Erik Løhre ( The deadline for selecting an article for presentation is September 13. NB! The topic of the article you present must be different form the topic you choose for your term paper. Also, note that we prefer that maximum four articles are presented on each seminar (but we can in some cases accept it if someone wants to present a fifth article).

In addition to presenting one article, you will have to oppose on one fellow student’s presentation. Send an email (within September 13) to Erik Løhre when you have decided which presentation/article you will oppose on. (The article first has to be selected for presentation by a fellow student.)

The few articles/chapters below which are not accessible via internet, you will find on Fronter.


Lecture topics and reading materials


22.08: Erik Løhre

Introduction to judgment and decision making

Kirkebøen, G. (2009). Decision behaviour – Improving expert judgement. In T. M. William, K. Samset, & K. J. Sunnevåg (eds.), Making essential choices with scant information: Front-end decision making in major projects (pp. 169-194). Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan. [Mandatory reading]


Overconfidence and optimism

Moore, D. A., & Healy, P. J. (2008). The trouble with overconfidence. Psychological Review, 115(2), 505-517. [Mandatory reading]

Shepperd, J. A., Klein, W. M. P., Waters, E. A., & Weinstein, N. D. (2013). Taking stock of unrealistic optimism. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8(4), 395-411. doi: 10.1177/1745691613485247 [Mandatory reading]


28.08: Rolf Reber

Three classic heuristics: Representativeness, Availability, and Anchoring

Bahník, S., Englich, B., & Strack, F. (2016). Anchoring effect. In R. Pohl (ed.), Cognitive Illusions: Intriguing Phenomena in Thinking, Judgment, and Memory (2nd ed.). Hove, UK: Psychology Press. [Mandatory reading]

Reber, R. (2016). Availability. In R. Pohl (ed.), Cognitive Illusions: Intriguing Phenomena in Thinking, Judgment, and Memory (2nd ed.). Hove, UK: Psychology Press. [Mandatory reading]

Teigen, K. H. (2016). Judgments by representativeness. In R. Pohl (ed.), Cognitive Illusions: Intriguing Phenomena in Thinking, Judgment, and Memory (2nd ed.). Hove, UK: Psychology Press. [Mandatory reading]  


04.09: Johanna Blomster


Haslam, N. (2015). Dehumanization and intergroup relations. In Mikulincer, Mario (Ed); Shaver, Phillip R. (Ed); Dovidio, John F. (Ed); Simpson, Jeffry A. (Ed), (2015). APA handbook of personality and social psychology, Volume 2: Group processes. APA handbooks in psychology., (pp. 295-314). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association. [Mandatory reading]

Haslam, N., & Stratemeyer, M. (2016). Recent research on dehumanization. Current Opinion in Psychology, 11, 25-29. [Mandatory reading]

Vaes, J., Leyens, J. P., Paola Paladino, M., & Pires Miranda, M. (2012). We are human, they are not: Driving forces behind outgroup dehumanisation and the humanisation of the ingroup. European Review of Social Psychology, 23, 64-106. [Mandatory reading]


11.09: Rolf Reber


Dawes R.M., Faust D., & Meehl P.E. (1989) Clinical versus actuarial judgment. Science, 243, 1668-1673. [Mandatory reading]  

Kahneman, D. & Klein, G (2009) Conditions for Intuitive Expertise. American psychologist, 64, 515-526. [Mandatory reading]

Topolinski, S., & Reber, R. (2010). Gaining insight into the „Aha“-experience. Current Directions in Psychological Science19, 402-405. [Mandatory reading]  



Articles for seminars

21.09: Erik Løhre

Select from these articles about overconfidence and optimism:

Taylor, S. E., & Brown, J. D. (1988). Illusion and well-being: A social psychological perspective on mental health. Psychological Bulletin, 103(2), 193-210. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.103.2.193

Sharot, T., Korn, C. W., & Dolan, R. J. (2011). How unrealistic optimism is maintained in the face of reality. Nature Neuroscience, 14(11), 1475-1479. doi:10.1038/Nn.2949


Kruger, J., & Dunning, D. (1999). Unskilled and unaware of it: How difficulties in recognizing one’s own incompetence lead to inflated self-assessments. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77(6), 1121-1134.

Teigen, K. H., & Jørgensen, M. (2005). When 90% confidence intervals are 50% certain: On the credibility of credible intervals. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19(4), 455-475.

Johnson, D. D. P., & Fowler, J. H. (2011). The evolution of overconfidence. Nature, 477(7364), 317-320.


22.09: Rolf Reber

Select from these articles about the role of affect in JDM:

Slovic, P., Finucane, M. L., Peters, E., & MacGregor, D. G. (2007). The affect heuristic. European Journal of Operational Research177(3), 1333-1352.

Hsee, C. K. & Hastie, R. (2006) Decision and experience: why don't we choose what makes us happy? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (1): 31-37                                                  

Wilson, T. D., & Gilbert, D. T. (2003). Affective forecasting. In M. P. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology (Vol. 35, pp. 345-411). San Diego: Academic Press.         

Gilbert, D. T. & Ebert, J.E.J. (2002) Decisions and revisions: The affective forecasting of changeable outcomes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 82 (4): 503-514

Loewenstein, G. F., Weber, E. U., Hsee, C. K., & Welch, N. (2001). Risk as feelings. Psychological Bulletin127(2), 267-286.


28.09: Johanna Blomster

Select from these articles about dehumanization:

Harris, L. T., Lee, V. K., Capestany, B. H., & Cohen, A. O. (2014). Assigning economic value to people results in dehumanization brain response. Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics, 7, 151.

Gaunt, R. (2009). Superordinate categorization as a moderator of mutual infrahumanization. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 12, 731–746.

Gwinn, J. D., Judd, C. M., & Park, B. (2013). Less power= less human? Effects of power differentials on dehumanization. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 464-470.

Esses, V. M., Veenvliet, S., Hodson, G., & Mihic, L. (2008). Justice, morality, and the dehumanization of refugees. Social Justice Research, 21, 4-25.

Vaes, J., & Muratore, M. (2013). Defensive dehumanization in the medical practice: A cross‐sectional study from a health care worker's perspective. British Journal of Social Psychology, 52, 180-190.


12.10: Rolf Reber

Select from these articles about intuition:

Simmons, J. P., & Nelson, L. D. (2006). Intuitive confidence: Choosing between intuitive and nonintuitive alternatives. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 135, 409–428.

Inbar, Y., Cone, J., & Gilovich, T. (2010). People’s Intuitions About Intuitive Insight and Intuitive Choice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99, 232–247.

Betsch, T., Plessner, H., Schwieren, C., Gutig, R. (2001). I like it but I don't know why: A value-account approach to implicit attitude formation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 27 (2): 242-253.

Kruger, J., Wirtz, D. & Miller, D. T (2005). Counterfactual thinking and the first instinct fallacy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 725-735.

Wilson, T. D., Lisle, D. J., Schooler, J. W., Hodges  S. D., Klaaren, K. J. & LaFleur, S. J. (1993). Introspecting about reasons can reduce post-choice satisfaction. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 19, 331-339.


Published May 16, 2017 3:05 PM - Last modified May 16, 2017 3:05 PM