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Use of sources and citations

In order to write a good assignment, it is essential that you use sources correctly. Using other people’s material without declaring it properly may be considered as cheating or attempted cheating.

Main rules

  • Your assignment should be your own independent work, a result of your own learning and efforts.
  • You may use other people’s material:
    • as sources of information about your topic.
    • to support and illustrate your line of reasoning.
  • You must cite the source if you obtain data, reasoning and arguments from the literature, syllabus, lecture notes, web pages, other students' papers or your own previously submitted papers.
  • All sources should be specified in your assignment, both in the text and in the list of references. This also applies when referring to your own previous work.

Academic integrity

Scientific arguments and claims should be open to testing and criticism. Correct use of sources and citations are elements in ensuring this.


Failure to properly cite sources or highlight quotes in any assignments that are handed in may be considered as cheating or attempted cheating. Cheating can have serious consequences for students.

How to cite

  • Reference styles. The different subject areas use different styles for citing and referring to sources and for providing references. Ask your teacher if you are in doubt about which reference style to use.
  • Sources and referencing gives a complete introduction to the use of sources, citations and reference styles.


Ask the teacher of your course.


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Published Dec. 15, 2015 3:40 PM - Last modified Jan. 13, 2020 8:58 AM