RITMO Seminar Series: Complicating the mesh: Integrating multiple factors in skilled performance (Shaun Gallagher, University of Memphis)
The idea of a meshed architecture (Christensen, Sutton & McIlwain 2016) has been proposed as a model for explaining skilled performance. In discussing this model the focus has been on a vertical integration between top-down (cognitive) control and bottom-up (automatic) motor processes. I'll suggest that we need to complicate the model in two ways. First, by showing how the vertical integration is complicated by affect and by habits that are not merely automatic, but can initiate control features from the bottom up. Second by showing how vertical integration is meshed with horizontal factors -- material and environmental factors that enable and constrain performance. Resources for rethinking this concept of meshed architecture in extended and dynamical terms can already be found in recent work by Christensen & Sutton, Høffding, Tribble, and others. Here, however, we need something like a theoretical mesh to get the architecture right.
Shaun Gallagher is a philosopher at the University of Memphis (USA) and at the University of Wollongong (Australia). His research topics are embodied cognition, social cognition, agency and psychopathology. Gallagher received his PhD in philosophy from Bryn Mawr College and has studied conomics at the State University of New York–Buffalo. He is one of the editors of the journal Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences. Some of his notable books are: Enactivist Interventions: Rethinking the Mind (2017), How the Body Shapes the Mind (2005), Phenomenology (2012), Hermeneutics and Education (1992), The Inordinance of Time (1998), Brainstorming (2008), and (with Dan Zahavi), The Phenomenological Mind (2008, 2012), and he is co-author in The Neurophenomenology of Awe and Wonder (2015), He is also editor of The Oxford Handbook of the Self (2011).