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MASHED - Mashup Music, Copyright, and Platform Regulation

Social media platforms’ implementation of algorithms intended to block copyright-infringing content has returned to the forefront a long-simmering debate: How can we best balance the incentives of copyright with the purposes and desires of sample-based music in order to protect freedom of expression?

About the project

The project MASHED: Mashup Music, Copyright, and Platform Regulation will use the relationship between the contemporary mashup music scene and Internet platforms’ algorithmic platform regulations as a lens through which to investigate the tensions and feedback mechanisms between the incentives of copyright law and the purposes of artistic adaptations.

WP1 will examine the specific underlying aesthetic principles and values that have emerged within the mashup scene and explore how these principles resonate with various notions of musical value and originality, and, more broadly, authorship and ownership.

WP2 will examine the tensions and feedback mechanisms that have emerged between the international Internet-based mashup music scene and localized legal systems, and the ways in which mashups can be understood in terms of the transnational but also localized legal concepts of transformative use, parody, criticism, and quotation. WP3 will critically assess the algorithmic regulatory systems of user-generated online platforms and their impact on mashup producers and mashup aesthetics.


Combining expertise in, and methodologies from, musicology, law, and sociology, the project seeks

  • to unpack the important consequences of divergent understandings of how to protect the larger political principle of freedom of expression
  • to develop a timely and novel theoretical framework for understanding the complexities of authorship and ownership, including the various ways in which these concepts are understood and operationalized in contemporary society


August 2018 – July 2021


MASHED is funded by The Research Council of Norway under the program FRIPRO Young Researcher Talent.


  •  (2020). Musikkverdenen voksne ikke forstår.
  • Ragnhild Brøvig-Hanssen (2019). Presentation of the MASHED-project.
  • Ragnhild Brøvig-Hanssen; Ellis Nathaniel Jones; Alan Hui & Josh Perrett (2019). Mashup Music, Copyright, and Platform Regulation: A promo video.
  • Alan Hui (2019). Platform regulation of mashup makers in a post-Brexit UK.
  • Irina Eidsvold-Tøien (2019). A viewpoint on sustainability in the cultural ecosystem- through a performers and copyright perspective.
  • Alan Hui; Ragnhild Brøvig-Hanssen & Ellis Nathaniel Jones (2019). Grey Tuesday (Musikk I gråsonen).
  • Ragnhild Brøvig-Hanssen & Jon Marius Aareskjold (2019). Vocal Chops and its Aesthetics.
  • Ragnhild Brøvig-Hanssen; Paul Théberge; Nyssim Lefford; Catherine Provenzano & Alan Williams (2019). Methodology Panel.
  • Ragnhild Brøvig-Hanssen & Aram Sinnreich (2019). Paper on the Panel Resist, Rebel, Remix: Politics and Practice in Digital Culture.
  • Ragnhild Brøvig-Hanssen (2019). Humor, Parody and Mashups.
  •  (2019). IPTrollet blog: After the Kraftwerk ruling: Narrower limitations and exceptions for EU and EEA?.
  •  (2019). Hvem er den egentlige artisten bak mashups og sample-musikk?.
  •  (2019). Promo video of the research project MASHED: Mashup Music, Copyright, and Platform Regulation.
  •  (2019). Invitation video for survey participation related to the research project MASHED: Mashup Music, Copyright, and Platform Regulation.
  • Ragnhild Brøvig-Hanssen (2018). Panel ved boklansering av Yngvar Kjus bok "Live and Recorded: Music Experience in the Digital Millennuim".
  • Ragnhild Brøvig-Hanssen & Aram Sinnreich (2018). Do You Wanna Build a Wall? Remix Tactics in the Age of Trump.
  • Ellis Nathaniel Jones (2018). Imagining an audience in DIY music.
  • Ellis Nathaniel Jones (2018). DIY as the new default.
  • Ellis Nathaniel Jones (2018). Are platforms 'deskilling' musicians?.

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Published Mar. 6, 2018 9:30 AM - Last modified July 29, 2019 11:31 AM