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Cheating

You should familiarize yourself with the rules that apply to exam support materials and the use of sources and citations. In case of violation of the rules, you may be suspected of cheating or attempted cheating.

What is considered cheating?

When you write an academic text, you must show what thoughts and reflections are your own and what you have borrowed from others' work. This allows others to look up the sources you have used, examine the facts and verify your results.

You may be suspected of cheating or attempted cheating if you:

  • do not provide information about sources or give up fictitious sources
  • do not provide information on reuse of your own previous work
  • give the impression that the answer paper is more independent than it actually is
  • have access to or use aids that are not allowed
  • collaborate with others in ways that are not allowed
  • deliver the same answer paper for several exams without it being allowed
  • have unauthorized access to the examination material outside the examination

Cheating on assignments

For all types of submissions, you must state the sources and mark the quotations correctly. It is considered as cheating not to state sources or mark quotes correctly.

UiO uses Ouriginal to detect copying in submitted assignments. Ouriginal compares anwer papers with online resources, text databases and other submitted assignments.

Examples

In cases of assignments and other exams without invigilation, suspicions of cheating and/or attempted cheating may for example arise if:

  • the answer paper is not completed by the student himself/herself.
  • the answer paper is completed in collaboration with others without this being stated.
  • the answer paper has previously been handed in at another exam at UiO or another educational institution.
  • the answer paper reproduces others’ work (for example academic literature, articles or websites) without specifying the source.
  • the answer paper reproduces the student’s own work without specifying the source.
  • the literature list does not contain all the sources and references that have been used in the answer paper.

Suspicion of cheating or attempted cheating may also arise due to circumstances outside the exam situation, for example if:

  • the student gains access to the exam questions before the exam.
  • the student attempts to change his/her answer paper after it is handed in.
  • the student assists other students to cheat.

Cheating on school exams

For school exams, it is considered as cheating to use support materials, unless it is explicitly stated in the exam question that this is permitted. Having access to illegal support materials may also be considered cheating, even if they are not used.

All communication between candidates in the exam room is prohibited. Contact with other candidates or other persons during trips to the lavatory and breaks is also prohibited. Mobile phones and other electronic equipment should be turned off and packed away.

Examples

In cases of school exams and other exams with invigilation, suspicions of cheating and/or attempted cheating may for example arise if:

  • the student has unlawful support materials available during the examination, even if they are not used.
  • the student has unlawful support materials available in areas outside the actual examination premises, for example in the toilet.
  • the student converses or communicates with others about the exam questions during the exam or during any breaks.
  • the student sends another person to sit the exam in his/her place.

Suspicion of cheating or attempted cheating may also arise due to circumstances outside the examination situation, for example if:

  • the student gains access to the exam questions before the exam.
  • the student attempts to change his/her answer paper after it is handed in.
  • the student assists other students to cheat.

Cheating on compulsory activities

Compulsory activities are also covered by the rules on cheating or attempted cheating. What is counted as cheating on compulsory activities will largely correspond to what is counted as cheating on assignments and school exams.

Consequences of cheating

The consequence of cheating or attempted cheating may be the annulment of examinations, exclusion from the University of Oslo and loss of right to sit examinations at other universities and university colleges in Norway for up to one year.

Administrative procedures for suspected cheating

UiO has routines for handling cases of suspected cheating or attempted cheating. The routines also include information on the rights of students who are suspected of cheating or attempted cheating.

The University of Oslo's appeals committee makes decisions in cases of suspected cheating or attempted cheating and determines the sanctions to be implemented. The appeals committee's decision may be appealed to a national appeals committee.

Questions?

Contact the faculty's information centre.

 

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Published Jan. 14, 2011 11:11 AM - Last modified Jan. 6, 2022 3:56 PM