ECON4350 - Growth and Investment
The objective of this course is to make the students familiar with various growth models developed in different historical contexts, what they can explain and what policy implications can be made. Another objective is to learn more about growth at a disaggregated level, with emphasis on structural changes both within sectors and in sectoral composition.
The course is organised along the following route:
- First we distinguish various growth models according to what assumptions are used to model the production side of the economy. Such a starting point will enable the students to see how the approach adopted by the classical economists is being modified when going to Keynesian-inspired growth models, to neoclassical growth models, to putty-clay or vintage models, and at last to “endogenous” growth models. We will then be able to see similarities and differences between the various models
- Secondly we will consider growth at a more disaggregated level than what is usually done in standard aggregated growth models. There are important structural changes that are taking place over time during a growth process. These structural changes take place both between sectors, as labour and investment will be redirected from primary, to secondary and tertiary sectors over time, and within industries as well when old firms equipped with an old-fashioned technology exit, while new firms investing in modern technology enter.
- While most problems above are descriptive, there is a normative aspect related to optimal economic growth. In order to evaluate various growth paths a welfare criterion is required – which involve intergenerational value judgements. Such criteria can be used to evaluate various growth paths and policy measures. Also optimal investment behaviour and the nature of technical progress will be analysed.
You should know
- the history of economic growth models, what they explain, their relationships and what are the policy implications of the models
- the steady-state nature or long-run equilibrium properties of the various models,
- the driving forces of structural changes in an economy over time
You should be able to
- handle technically the various growth models and also make use of the theories to explain, say, why some countries lag behind others, why some countries prosper while others show very little progress
- point at policy instruments that may produce either permanent growth or only temporary growth
- be able to read and understand project reports and journal articles that make use of the concepts and methods that are introduced in the course
- be able to make use of the course content in your own academic work, for example in analyses that are part of the master’s thesis
Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in StudentWeb.
Students enrolled in other Master's Degree Programmes can, on application, be admitted to the course if this is cleared by their own study programme.
International applicants, if you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures for international applicants.
The subject is open for both Norwegian and international applicants.
Formal prerequisite knowledge
Bachelor's degree in Economics, or equivalent
Recommended previous knowledge
Basic knowledge of theories of economic growth, in particular the Solow model (e.g. ECON2915 - Vekst og næringsstruktur ).
Good background in mathematics and econometrics. A recommended minimum is ECON3120 - Mathematics 2: Calculus and linear algebra / ECON4120 - Mathematics 2: Calculus and linear algebra and ECON3150 - Introductory Econometrics / ECON4150 - Introductory Econometrics, or equivalent knowledge.
We will make use of some mathematical techniques beyond this requirement, but an introduction to these techniques will be given during the course (more thorougly covered in ECON4140 - Mathematics 3: Differential equations, static and dynamic optimization / ECON4145.
Lectures and seminars: 2 hours per week throughout the semester.
Seminars: 2 hours per week through parts of the semester.
A 3-hour written exam at the end of the semester.
Examination support material
No examination support material is allowed.
Language of examination
The problem set will be given in Norwegian and English. Answers can be given in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or in English. See § 6.4 i Forskrift om studier og eksamener ved Universitetet i Oslo .
Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.
Explanations and appeals
You may request an explanation of your grades, and you may also appeal against your grades or make a complaint about formal examination errors. Read more about explanations and appeals.
Resit an examination
You can usually resit an exam, but the conditions depend on whether you had a valid reason for absence from the regular exam. Read more about resitting an exam.
The Department of Economics has passed following resolution for ECON-courses: It will no longer be possible for candidates to register for an exam in a lower level course after having passed exams in intermediate and advanced level courses in the same subject area (also where there are no pre-requisites that apply to the intermediate course). Further information can be found here.
Withdrawal from an examination
A student may sit this exam up to 3 times. If a student wishes to withdraw from the exam, s/he must do so in StudentWeb at least two weeks prior to the first day of the exam. Failure to do so will be counted as one of the three opportunities to sit the exam.
Special examination arrangements
If you have a disability or a health problem that entails significant inconvenience in an examination situation, you may be considered for special examination arrangements. Mothers who are breastfeeding may apply for extra time to complete the exam.