Research news from UiO:Life Science, faculties, institutes and UiO's research magazine Apollon.
Diabetes, organ donation, consciousness, the immune system, evidence in rape cases, mental illnesses, medicinal plants and cancer. These are societal challenges that will be examined in interdisciplinary life science research groups at the University of Oslo.
Researchers have now found out what happens when normal cells develop into breast cancer. This finding can lead to more individualized treatment: the right treatment in the right dosage for the right patient.
Like our unique fingerprints, we all have a unique combination of connections in the brain. These networks of connections stabilises during childhood and adolescence. Delayed development may be an early sign of mental health disorders.
Researchers have discovered that plasma cells in the human intestine live longer than previously assumed. This finding may change treatment for gastrointestinal illnesses and boost the development of vaccines in pill form.
The severity of a heart attack is the most important factor affecting the patient’s subsequent outcome. New research shows that the severity can be reduced through the use of anti-inflammatory medication.
Research smell and taste is a relatively new field in Norway, but Postdoctoral Fellow Preet Bano Singh at the Faculty of Dentistry is breaking new ground in this area.
If you suffer from a dry mouth, the chances are that you also have dry eyes. The problem may be due to the sebaceous glands in the eyelids.
During the next six months, 67 students will work on research projects with summer scholarships from UiO:Life Science. At the Natural History Museum, bachelor’s degree student Marius F. Maurstad is already in full swing with his project. He is studying beetles at the molecular level to understand how climate change affects prevalence and evolution, and in a worst-case scenario, extinction of species – a dream job, in his opinion.
A frequent problem in orthodontic practice is that the teeth do not remain in their new positions. Can a protein prevent teeth from moving in the mouth?
Professor Fernanda Petersen at the Department of Oral Biology (UiO) has been awarded, together with her partners, a large grant from the Olav Thon Foundation. The grant was given the research project: «Born in the twilight of antibiotics: fighting antimicrobial resistance in preterm infants».
What if you hardly ever consume soft drinks or eat anything acidic, but still have dental erosion on your teeth? Do genes play a role? And does it matter if you are a boy or a girl?
Molecules that are more often known for their potential to cause cancer may have a new, health-promoting role. Scientists are now discovering how these «radicals» may be used to prevent infections and promote the long-term success of dental implants.
Young people who demonstrate self-harming behaviours often admit that they have also attempted to take their own lives. Treatment directly aimed at combating self-harm and suicide has shown effective results.
Analyses of sewage in Oslo reveal misuse of Ritalin, a medication normally given to patients with ADHD.
New research is revealing bacteria's internal struggle for power. The result may be better vaccines.
In the future, it will be possible to personalise your cancer treatment to you and your genes. Jian Gao is one of the contributors to the cancer treatment of the future.
Here is the new dietary advice on which types of fat, and in which quantities, are best for your child.
Imagine if we could talk to bacteria and tell them what they should do, or perhaps even better: what they should not do! This scenario is not so distant from what a research group at the University of Oslo (UiO) is working towards
The relations between e-waste and exposure to toxins in Africa has received little research to date. Ruth Prince is part of AnthroTOX, an new interdisciplinary research group combining natural and social sciences to understand and manage global anthropogenic toxicants.
Man-made pollutants, the peculiar immune system of codfish, embryonic development, personalised cancer therapies, human genetic history and new technologies to handle both disease and pollutants. This will be studied in seven new convergence environments at the University of Oslo.
Personalised cancer therapies and human genetic history. These are the topics of the last two convergence environments that will be funded by UiO:Life Science. With this, the list of the seven convergence environments that will receive support in 2017, is complete.
Man-made pollutants, the peculiar immune system of codfish, embryonic development and new technology to handle both disease and pollutants. This will be studied in five new convergence environments at the University of Oslo.
Children born without the ability to get several permanent teeth, known as severe hypodontia, must expect to be "eternal patients". A new doctoral thesis from the Faculty of Dentistry at the University of Oslo has examined how it is possible to better help these children.
There appears to be no end to the health benefits of the much-lauded antioxidants. Now it seems that they can also play a role in whether implants inserted into the body end up being a success or the cause of complications.
Researchers have found a new method to develop antibiotics that are tailored to kill multi-resistant bacteria.