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Use of sources and citations

In order to write a good academic assignment, it is essential that you use sources correctly. Using other people’s material without declaring it may be considered as cheating or attempted cheating.

Main rules

Scientific arguments and claims should be open to testing and criticism. Through correct use of sources and citations, you show what you build your knowledge on.

  • Your assignment should be your own independent work and a result of your own learning and efforts.
  • You may use other people’s material as sources of information about your topic and to support and illustrate your line of reasoning.
  • All sources should be specified in your assignment, both in the text and in the list of references. This also applies when referring to your own previous work.
  • Sources can be for example data, reasoning and arguments from literature, syllabus, lecture notes, web pages, other students' exam papers or your own previously exam papers.


It may be considered cheating or attempted cheating to use other people's material in your assignment without informing about it. It may also be considered cheating or attempted cheating to use your own previous work without informing about it. Cheating can have serious consequences for students.

How to cite

  • Reference styles. Different subject areas have different styles for sources and citations. Ask your teacher if you are in doubt about which reference style to use.
  • Sources and referencing gives a complete introduction to the use of sources, citations and reference styles.



Published Dec. 15, 2015 3:40 PM - Last modified Jan. 4, 2022 8:59 AM