JUS5405 – Law of the Sea

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

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Course content

The Law of the Sea is the public international law on the jurisdiction of the states over the seas. It covers all uses of the seas (including navigation, fisheries, exploration of natural resources, scientific research) and encompasses all maritime areas including the polar regions. In essence the law of the sea provides the constitutional basis for addressing questions relating to the rights and limits of states to regulate activities at sea, be it shipping, oil and exploration, deep sea-bed mining, renewable energy sources or fisheries, and the settlement of disputes relating to such issues. We particularly emphasize the protection of the marine environment, navigation and petroleum exploitation.

The regulatory framework of the law of the sea is authoritatively laid down in the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), but this framework is increasingly complemented by other international agreements and subsequent state practice

For students enrolled in Rettsvitenskap (jus) (master - 5 år): Have you considered a specialization as part of your degree? The course is part of the profile Internasjonal rett.

Read more about profiles.

Learning outcome

The course will give the students a good understanding of the rights and duties of states and, possibly, other players in the various maritime zones and areas.

Please see the semesterpages for further information on learning outcome.


Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.


Formal prerequisite knowledge

Students must fill one of these requirements:

  • Passed 1st - 3rd year of the 5-years degree Master of Laws (Master i rettsvitenskap at UiO) (or exams that qualify for exemption for these) or
  • Hold a 5-years Master’s degree in Laws (Master i rettsvitenskap at UiO) or equivalent.

Exemptions from the formal prerequisites will be given to students with admission to the faculty's own exchange or master’s degree programmes. This rule does not apply to students with admission to other master’s degree programmes at the University of Oslo, unless otherwise agreed.

Recommended previous knowledge

JUS2111 – Statsforfatningsrett, folkerett og menneskerettigheterJUROFF1410 – Folkerett or equivalent introduction to general international law.




Written exam, 4 hours

Examination support material

This is an open book digital school examination. You are permitted to use paper printouts or paper publications of any literature during the examination (e.g., course literature, lecture notes, dictionaries). You are also allowed to use handwritten notes on paper. No electronic support materials will be allowed.

Use of sources and rules for citing. 

The standard rules on cheating and plagiarism which apply to assignments apply also to the written open book examination. This means that you must provide a reference whenever you draw upon another person’s ideas, words or research in your answer to the exam question(s). You cannot copy text directly from textbooks, journal articles, court judgments etc. without highlighting that the text is copied.

Thus, pieces of text quoted verbatim from these and other sources must be italicised or otherwise highlighted so that it is obvious that the pieces of text are quotes.

Example of highlighting in a text:

"Laurent Bailay and Bernard Van der Lande propose to define a mobile payment as a “payment for products or services between two parties for which a mobile device, such as a mobile phone, plays a key role in the realization of the payment”. (European Commission, GREEN PAPER Towards an integrated European market for card, internet and mobile payments, page 5)"

Failure to cite sources or highlight quotes in your exam answer may be considered as evidence of cheating.

Previous exam papers

Language of examination

The examination text is given in English, and you submit your response in English.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Guidelines for the evaluation of grades at The Faculty of Law.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take this exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

There are special rules for resitting a passed examination in the master's programme in Law.

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.

Facts about this course






Every spring


Every spring

Teaching language