This course is discontinued

HIS4313 – The Social and Economic History of Modern Norway

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

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Course content

At the close of the 19th century Norway was one of the poorest countries in Western Europe, with one of Europe’s highest emigration rates and significant social problems. Ten years later a forty year period of high economic growth began, and the economy accelerated again in the 1970s as the oil economy emerged and took Norway to third place in the world, in terms of GNP per capita.

How did this happen? The answer lies in the exploitation of natural resources, the active diffusion of foreign technology, and significant state ownership and intervention. The course provides an overview of Norwegian modern economic development, including advances within the traditional sectors of fishing, forestry and shipping; the emergence and changing nature of modern industry and enterprise structure; agriculture (and its links with industry); the growth of the service sector and the oil economy.

Courses which are particularly well suited complements to this course are:

Learning outcome

Students are expected to know the main trends in the economic development of Norway during the period and be able to discuss this in the context of international developments. Students must be able to utilise central concepts and be familiar with the current debates in the field. Students should master critical reading, independent thought and academic writing, and be able to express his or her knowledge in writing and orally.


Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.


Formal prerequisite knowledge

Admission to the mastersprogramme in History.

Recommended previous knowledge

A good ability to read and understand English is required for this course.


This course is given in the form of seminars.


Students are assessed by a six-hour written examination.

Examination support material

No examination support material is allowed.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

After the examination result is announced, there will be possible to have an explanation of grades from the examiner. At oral examinations or assessments of practical skills, a request for such an explanation must be made immediately on notification of the mark. Requests for explanations of other assessments must be submitted within one week after the candidate learns of the mark. This request must be made by sending an e-mail to: The explanation will be given either in writing or oral, this will be decided by the examiner. Please inform of your phone number, e-mail address where you can be contacted as well as your candidate number.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.

Facts about this course




Spring 2007


Spring 2007

Teaching language