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Course content

SAN2130 - Sanskrit 3 + 4 Autumn 2017

This course runs over two semesters. The autumn semester (30 credits) is in its entirety a mandatory stay in India, where you will be given instruction in Sanskrit.

During this semester, you will also participate in other activities (such as training in writing on palm leaves, manuscript reading and conservation, Sanskrit drama courses, exchange with Sanskrit students, etc.).

Practical information about the semester in India and application form here

In the subsequent spring semester (10 credits), teaching of classical Sanskrit is continued at the IKOS.

During this semester you are given an introduction to Pali and introductions into relevant literary genres in Sanskrit which were not covered during the mandatory stay in India.

Texts read during this semester may include passages from Kalidasa's Meghaduta, Manu's Dharmashastra, Kaitilya's Arthashastra, Mahabharata, Ramayana, Puranas, and Mahatmya texts.

Learning outcome

Sanskrit 3+4 provides a deeper knowledge of classical Sanskrit, and basic knowledge of Pali.

Moreover, in the third semester in India the students are familiarized with traditional Indian learning and teaching methods.

They will be introduced to locating and reading palm-leaf manuscripts, how to work in Indian libraries, and also receive an introduction into memorizing and reciting (Vedic) Sanskrit texts.

Further, the students are introduced to academic innovation through lectures closely tied to research. This course is required for a Master's degree in Sanskrit.


Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.


Formal prerequisite knowledge

Both with passing marks. The mandatory stay in India requires a minimum C in the Sanskrit 2 to attend.

Recommended previous knowledge

Good knowledge of English.


The fall semester consists of a mandatory stay in India, following a program set up by IKOS. The course requires at least 4 participants to be organized.

On return from India, the students continue to work on their knowledge of classical Sanskrit and independently familiarize themselves with the literature assigned to them.

It is mandatory to attend at least 75% of the instruction in India. See Guidelines for compulsory course activities at HF


Before students can take the examination, they must write a qualifying term paper approved by the course instructor. The term paper (2000-2500 words) is to be handed in during the spring semester by deadlines set out in the detailed teaching plan.

It is the student's responsibility to find out if their term paper has been approved. See Guidelines for compulsary course activities

The examination is held in the spring semester, and consists of a written and an oral examination.

Use of sources and citation

You should familiarize yourself with the rules that apply to the use of sources and citations. If you violate the rules, you may be suspected of cheating/attempted cheating.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.

Facts about this course






Spring 2018

Autumn 2017


Spring 2018

Teaching language

Sanskrit (engelsk)