NFI2101 – Runology – Runic Inscriptions from the Migration Period to the Viking Age

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

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Course content

Runology is concerned with some 1300 years of the history of writing. Runes constituted the script used by many Germanic peoples from the second century A.D. Their use died out in Norway around 1400. This advanced course covers the runic inscriptions from the Migration Period and the Viking Age. In addition to close study of runic writing, there is also focus on particular issues of the period.

Learning outcome

The aim is to provide a special knowledge of the eldest runes and runic inscriptions. The course also aims to provide insight into the ancient language history and cultural history in the light of runic writing.


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Formal prerequisite knowledge

NFI1100 - Runology – a general introduction or equivalent. The course presupposes a good knowledge of Old Norse. One should also be able to read not only runic inscriptions but also Old Norse literary texts in the original.

Recommended previous knowledge

This course builds on knowledge of Old Norse and some basic knowledge of the history of the Germanic languages. The syllabus literature will be in Scandinavian languages, English and, in some cases, German. Basic knowledge in runology equivalent to the course NFI1100 - Runology – a general introduction is required.


The teaching is given in 14 double lectures and seminars, 28 hours in total. Teaching takes place throughout the semester. One qualifying assignment and an optional reading list have to be approved before the student may sit for the final examination.

Approved obligatory assignments are valid the next two times the course is given.


The final exam will be an oral examination.


Use of sources and citation

You should familiarize yourself with the rules that apply to the use of sources and citations. If you violate the rules, you may be suspected of cheating/attempted cheating.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.



Facts about this course






Every other spring starting 2008


Every other spring starting 2008

Teaching language