This course is discontinued

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

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Course content

The global energy balance, transport of energy in the atmosphere and ocean, the greenhouse effect. Solar radiation, thermal infrared radiation, the role of gases and clouds. The energy balance of the surface, the hydrologic cycle. Atmospheric motions and ocean currents, the El Niño phenomenon.

Learning outcome

To provide a basic understanding of the physical processes influencing the Earth’s climate.


Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.


Formal prerequisite knowledge

In addition to fulfilling the Higher Education Entrance Qualification, applicants have to meet the following special admission requirements:

  • Mathematics R1 (or Mathematics S1 and S2) + R2

And in addition one of these:

  • Physics (1+2)
  • Chemistry (1+2)
  • Biology (1+2)
  • Information technology (1+2)
  • Geosciences (1+2)
  • Technology and theories of research (1+2)

The special admission requirements may also be covered by equivalent studies from Norwegian upper secondary school or by other equivalent studies (in Norwegian).

Recommended previous knowledge

A background corresponding to the courses MAT1100 – Calculus and MEK1100 – Vector Calculus is recommended.

Overlapping courses

10 credits overlap with GEF1100 – The Climate System (discontinued)

2 credits overlap with the previous GF 121, and 5 credits overlap with the previous GF 326.


Lectures, 3 hours per week. Excursion. Colloquia/exercises, 2 hours per week. 2 obligatory written exignments which must be approved before you can sit for the final exam.

General information about excursions at the Department of geosciences


A written midterm exam which counts ca 1/3 in the final grade. A final written exam (3 hours) which counts ca 2/3 in the final grade. Letter grades (A-F).

This course offers new examination in the beginning of the subsequent term for candidates who withdraw during an ordinary examination or fail an ordinary examination. For general information about new examinations, see /studier/admin/eksamen/sykdom-utsatt/mn/index.html and

General information about examinations at the faculty can be found at


Auditor for this course is Nils Gunnar Kvamstø, Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen.

Facts about this course






The course is continued as GEF1100 – The Climate System (discontinued).

Teaching language