GEO4430 – Snow, Snow Hydrology and Avalanches
Schedule, syllabus and examination date
- Accumulation of snow, field methods and snow mapping
- Energy budget at the snow surface
- Models of meltwater generation and runoff
- Physical snow properties and snow metamorphism
- Snow avalanches
The objective is to give the students insight in hydrological and geotechnical problems related to snow.
The students will
- understand the processes related to buildt-up and decay of snowcover
- understand the processes controling snowpack stability
- understand principles of the associated observation techniques
- obtain insight into hydrological and geotechnical problems related to snow
- understand principles of assessment techniques
The students will be able to
- conduct snow surveys for hydrological as well as for geotechnical questions
- apply standard modelling tools to assess snowmelt
- apply standard methods to assess avalanche risk
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Formal prerequisite knowledge
Recommended previous knowledge
Bachelor courses in physical geography; glaciology/geomorphology, geophysics.
- 10 credits overlap with GEO9430 – Snow, Snow Hydrology and Avalanches (discontinued)
- 5 credits overlap with GEO4432 – The Surface Energy Balance in Cold Environments
Lectures and seminars. 3 days field trip.
Attendance at the first lecture is compulsory. Students who fail to meet, are considered to have withdrawn from the course unless they have previously given notice to the Studies administration, email address: firstname.lastname@example.org
To attend the field trip/excursion it is required that the following course is passed:
You will need to provide documentation that you have passed HMS0504 when you attend the field trip/excursion.
As the teaching involves laboratory and/or field work, you should consider taking out a separate travel and personal risk insurance. Read about your insurance cover as a student.
A field report is obligatory and a pass/fail scale is applied. Admission to the final exam depends on the evaluation of the field report. The form of final exam depends on the number of students. If there are less than ca 10 students, the final exam will be oral. If there are more than ca 10 students, the final exam can be written. Written exam questions will only be available in English.
Language of examination
Written exam questions will only be available in English.
Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.
Explanations and appeals
Resit an examination
Students who have a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.
Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass the original examination.
Withdrawal from an examination
It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.
Special examination arrangements
Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.