This course is discontinued

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

Choose semester

Course content

The subject was given in Spring 2008 for the last time. See BIO4400.

The course gives an introduction to the physical and chemical processes in the various aquatic habitats and the structure in the various ecosystems.

Learning outcome

Understanding of the aquatic environments, the requirement and adaptation to the environment and the structure in the common ecosystems.


Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.


Formal prerequisite knowledge

In addition to fulfilling the Higher Education Entrance Qualification, applicants have to meet the following special admission requirements:

  • Mathematics R1 (or Mathematics S1 and S2) + R2

And in addition one of these:

  • Physics (1+2)
  • Chemistry (1+2)
  • Biology (1+2)
  • Information technology (1+2)
  • Geosciences (1+2)
  • Technology and theories of research (1+2)

The special admission requirements may also be covered by equivalent studies from Norwegian upper secondary school or by other equivalent studies (in Norwegian).

Recommended previous knowledge

BIO1000 – Elementary Biology (discontinued)


Lectures, obligatoric cooloqiums, laboratory and three days at sea.

This subject uses Fronter.

Access to teaching

A student who has completed compulsory instruction and coursework and has had these approved, is not entitled to repeat that instruction and coursework. A student who has been admitted to a course, but who has not completed compulsory instruction and coursework or had these approved, is entitled to repeat that instruction and coursework, depending on available capacity.


A passed rapport from the field days and a final written exam (3 hours).

Examination support material

No examination support material is allowed.

Language of examination

You may submit your response in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English. If you would prefer to have the exam text in English, you may apply to the course administrators.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

This subject offer new examination in the beginning of the
subsequent term for candidates who withdraw during an ordinary
examination or fail an ordinary examination. For general information
about new examination, see reglement for utsatt og ny eksamen ved MN-fakultetet
and the english version of the examination rules.

We also offer postponed examination after legitimate absence.

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.

Periodic evaluation Spring 2008.

Facts about this course






The subject was given in Spring 2008 for the last time. See BIO4400

Teaching language

Norwegian (English on request)