This course is discontinued

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

Choose semester

Course content

Only students who has followed the course in earlier semesters is given admission.

Limnologi II aims at giving an overview of the environmental diversity in lakes, from the macro- to micro-level, through theory and practical excursions to selected localities.

Learning outcome

After completing the course we expect your competence to include the following:

  • Be able to explain concepts like meromixis and its variants (ectogenic, crenogenic, biogenic a.o.), conditions behind dichotomous pH-stratification, chemical conditions and differences in sediments etc.
  • Master the basic chemical, physical and biological methods necessary for a multilateral investigation of estuaries and lakes
  • Be aquainted with and know who to contact to obtain information within basic hardrock geology, geomorphology, soil sciences, vegetation and other conditions within the watershed
  • Know how to plan and perform regional field studies of small and large lakes and estuaries within an unknown area
  • Know how to plan and perform a detailed study of a given lake at micro-level


Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.


Recommended previous knowledge

BIO4310 – Limnology I (discontinued)


Seminars with divided work amongst the students and oral PowerPoint presentations. Lectures and calculation assignments. Field course of minimum 1 week in the autumn semester. The students have to pay a field course fee of 150 NOK per day.

Students must have approved participation in two semesters, including one field course.

This course will only be given if there is a minimum of three students, which all meet at the first lecture. If not, the course can be called off.

As the teaching involves laboratory and/or field work, you should consider taking out a separate travel and personal risk insurance. Read about your insurance cover as a student.


Continuous evaluation.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a pass/fail scale. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.

Periodic evaluation Spring 2013.

Facts about this course






Last semester for this course is Autumn 2014


Spring and autumn

Teaching language

Norwegian (English on request)