Schedule, syllabus and examination date

Choose semester

Course content

The topic is active acoustic imaging with an emphasis on medical ultrasound and sonar. The course focuses on fundamentals of acoustic propagation, beamforming, scattering, image formation, and imaging modes. Through simulations and theory, the principles of imaging from the generation and propagation of acoustic waves to the final images will be explained.

Learning outcome

After completing this course, you:

  • understand basic theory of acoustic wave generation and propagation, and acoustic wave equations and simple solutions
  • understand the signal processing principles of acoustic imaging
  • can identify how properties of the imaging system and artefacts affect the images
  • understand imaging modes such as B-mode and Doppler, and how they apply to different medical imaging scenarios
  • understand sonar principles and applications
  • know how raw element data is processed to images and be able to write computer programs to do so


Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.


Recommended previous knowledge

MAT1120, INF1010/IN1910

INF3470/4470 should be taken before or at the same time as this course.


3 hours of lectures and 1 hour of per week.

Mandatory assignments must be completed during the course. The assignments must be taken during the same semester. The mandatory assignments must be accepted prior to the exam.Rules for mandatory assignments.

Note that the first lecture is mandatory.


Four hours written or oral exam. The form of the exam will be announced at the first lecture. The mandatory assignments must be approved prior to the exam.

Examination support material

2 handwritten A4 sheets with notes.

Language of examination

You may write your examination paper in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

Students who can document a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.

Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass the original examination.

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.

Facts about this course






Every autumn


Every autumn

Teaching language

Norwegian (English on request)