This course is replaced by BIOS2100 – General Ecology.

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

Choose semester

Course content

An introduction to general ecological principles, from the organism to the ecosystem.

Learning outcome

After the course you should know about:

  • Adaptation between organisms and the environment
  • Principles of dynamics of populations
  • Interactions at different levels – competition, predation, mutualism and parasitism
  • Community structure and succession
  • Production, food webs and nutrient cycles in ecosystems


Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.


Formal prerequisite knowledge

In addition to fulfilling the Higher Education Entrance Qualification, applicants have to meet the following special admission requirements:

  • Mathematics R1 (or Mathematics S1 and S2) + R2

And in addition one of these:

  • Physics (1+2)
  • Chemistry (1+2)
  • Biology (1+2)
  • Information technology (1+2)
  • Geosciences (1+2)
  • Technology and theories of research (1+2)

The special admission requirements may also be covered by equivalent studies from Norwegian upper secondary school or by other equivalent studies (in Norwegian).

In addition to fulfilling the minimum requirements for entrance to higher education in Norway, you must either have 2MX/2MY/3MZ and 3MX/3FY/3KJ/3BI/(2KJ+3BT)/(2BI+3BT) from Norwegian upper secondary school, or have completed equivalent studies in mathematics as well as physics, or chemistry, or biology at upper secondary school or university level at another educational institution.

Recommended previous knowledge

BIO1200 – Biodiversity (discontinued) or BIO1200A – Biodiversity (discontinued), MAT1001 – Mathematics 1 (discontinued) and BIO1000 – Elementary Biology (discontinued)

Overlapping courses

10 credits overlap with BIOS2100 – General Ecology

The course may overlap with older versions. To find out more about this, contact the executive offisers.


The teaching consists of  lectures, colloquia and mandatory computer-exercises.

The subject will be using Fronter.


Final written exam 4 hours at the end of the semester. 

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

This course offers both postponed and resit of examination. Read more:

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

Number of exam attempts are transferred between this course and BIOS2100

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.

Periodic evaluation Spring 2013.

Facts about this course






Every spring

BIO2100 is offered for the last time in 2018 and will continued as BIOS2100 General Ecology


Every spring

Teaching language