SUM4502 – INCLUDE – Socially Inclusive Energy Transition

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Course content


This course addresses a critical question: How can we transition to a low-carbon society in a socially inclusive way?

Given the urgency of combatting climate change, there is a risk that measures to reduce emissions will ignore social and distributional aspects. To pre-empt this risk, this course highlights the concept of energy justice. This means paying attention to distributional aspects and questions of who are recognized as stakeholders and become participants in the transition process. We address energy in various forms and as exploited by various technologies: stationary energy (e.g. heating of houses), transport/mobility, and embodied energy (e.g. as measured through life cycle analysis and consumption based carbon accounting). The course is focused on socially inclusive solutions, particularly the role municipalities can play to reach socially inclusive energy transition through co-creation of solutions with researchers.

The aim of the course is to prepare the students for understanding these phenomena from an interdisciplinary, social science perspective, and reflect on implications for policy and practice. The course is anchored in a newly established centre for environmentally friendly energy, Include, led by the Centre for Development and the Environment, University of Oslo.

Learning outcome

  • Gain theoretical knowledge on socially inclusive energy transition, energy justice and co-creation of knowledge
  • Understand how theories and concepts on socially inclusive energy transition can be applied in empirical studies on stationary energy transition, mobility, consumption, public planning and innovation
  • Obtain insights into the merits of applying multiple social sciences, interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity (researchers and practitioners) in this field of knowledge
  • Interpret and critically engage in debates on how we can transition to a low-carbon society in a socially inclusive way


You may apply to be a guest student at SUM. Please follow these instructions.


Formal prerequisite knowledge

A bachelor’s degree. 

Recommended previous knowledge

Specialization equivalent to at least 80 ECTS within subjects from the humanities or social sciences, sustainable development, or equivalent relevant subjects. 


The module will be organised as an digital, intensive, one-week course so as to enhance participation of students from other institutions and countries in addition to UiO-students.

During the first four days there will be lectures in addition to seminars and discussions. The final lecture will take place on the last day and offer a summary of the course. Students will also be asked to reflect and share ideas for a topic for their home exam. Personal attendance during lectures is compulsory (students with less than 80% attendance rate will not be able to hand in their exam assignment). The lectures will be held by senior researchers of the INCLUDE team.

Students must themselves report absence from compulsory activities.


3 days home exam.

We recommend that students familiarize themselves with the assessment guide for previous exams: 

Digital home examination

The home examination is conducted in the digital examination system Inspera.You will need to familiarize yourself with the digital examination arrangements in Inspera.

 Read more about home examinations using Inspera.

Use of sources and citation

You should familiarize yourself with the rules that apply to the use of sources and citations. If you violate the rules, you may be suspected of cheating/attempted cheating.

Language of examination

The examination text is given in English, and you submit your response in English.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a pass/fail scale. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.

Facts about this course






Every spring


Every spring

Teaching language