Schedule, syllabus and examination date

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Changes in the course due to coronavirus

Autumn 2020 the exams of most courses at the MN Faculty will be conducted as digital home exams or oral exams, using the normal grading scale. The semester page for your course will be updated with any changes in the form of examination.

See general guidelines for examination at the MN Faculty autumn 2020.

Course content

This course provides the basic knowledge to understand the history and properties of the large scale structures of our Universe. In particular, by numerically solving the Einstein and the Boltzmann equations, one understands how clusters of galaxies and the fluctuations in the cosmic microwave background radiation are formed and what their main statistical Properties are.

Learning outcome

After completing this course:

  • you will be familiar with the principles and equations of Einstein General Relativity, and be able to solve them in some specific cases.
  • you will be able to describe, qualitatively and quantitatively important epochs in the early Universe, such as inflation, recombination and the formation of cosmic microwave background radiation.
  • you will know how to obtain equations from the linearly perturbed Einstein Equations that describe the formation of structures in the universe, and solve them analytically and numerically.
  • you will understand what the main statistical observables are, which can be applied to large scale structure datasets, and from them obtain the main properties of our Universe, and the laws that describe it.
  • you will be able to present the results of numerical analysis in a written report.

Admission to the course

Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.

Formal prerequisite knowledge

Bachelor’s Degree from the Physics and Astronomy Program or comparable.

AST3220 - Cosmology I/AST4220 - Cosmology I (discontinued). FYS4160 - The general theory of relativity may be useful.

Overlapping courses


Teaching extends over one semester. There will be four hours of lectures/tutorials each week.


A numerical project assignment with a written report will constitute 30% and a final four-hour written exam will constitute 70% of the final grade.

It will also be counted as one of the three attempts to sit the exam for this course, if you sit the exam for one of the following courses: AST9420 – Cosmology II

Examination support material

No aids allowed during the final written examinations

Language of examination

Subjects taught in English will only offer the exam paper in English. You may write your examination paper in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Resit an examination

Students who can document a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.

Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass the original examination.

Special examination arrangements, use of sources, explanations and appeals

See more about examinations at UiO

Last updated from FS (Common Student System) Oct. 30, 2020 3:32:50 AM

Facts about this course

Teaching language
Norwegian (English on request)