Schedule, syllabus and examination date

Course content

This course provides an introduction to cosmological models, important eras in the history of the universe, including inflation and the generation of inhomogeneities by quantum fluctuations.

Learning outcome

After completing this course:

  • you will be able to define the principles and equations that are the foundation of models of the universe in the general theory of relativity.
  • you will be able to explain important cosmological observations and how they are used to determine the characteristics of the Universe.
  • you will know how to describe, qualitatively and quantitatively, important eras in the history of the universe: inflationary phase, radiation dominated phase with disengagement of dark matter and neutrinos, nucleosynthesis, matter dominated universe, recombination and the formation of cosmic microwave background radiation.
  • you can describe how quantum fluctuations during inflation are the source of density fluctuations and gravitational waves.

Admission to the course

Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.

Special admission requirements

In addition to fulfilling the Higher Education Entrance Qualification, applicants have to meet the following special admission requirements:

  • Mathematics R1 (or Mathematics S1 and S2) + R2

And in addition one of these:

  • Physics (1+2)
  • Chemistry (1+2)
  • Biology (1+2)
  • Information technology (1+2)
  • Geosciences (1+2)
  • Technology and theories of research (1+2)

The special admission requirements may also be covered by equivalent studies from Norwegian upper secondary school or by other equivalent studies (in Norwegian).

Five semesters of the Fysikk og astronomi (bachelor´s) programme or comparable.

Overlapping courses


Teaching extends over one semester. There are 4 hours of lectures per week, and 2 hours of tutorial exercises.


The final grade is determined by an overall assessment of 3 assignments in the form of home exams, with the first two counting 25 %, and the third counting 50 % in the grade assessment.

Examination support material

All examination support material is allowed.

Language of examination

Subjects taught in English will only offer the exam paper in English. You may write your examination paper in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Resit an examination

Students who can document a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.

Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass the original examination.

Special examination arrangements, use of sources, explanations and appeals

See more about examinations at UiO

Last updated from FS (Common Student System) Dec. 5, 2022 4:10:10 PM

Facts about this course

Teaching language
Norwegian (English on request)