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Course content

Nanoscience is referred to as a research area devoted to studies of various phenomena in small-size devices. It is a cross-disciplinary field including physics, chemistry and to some extent biology.

The heart of nanoscience is mesoscopic physics. The word "meso" reflects the fact that the size of the systems under consideration is located between microscopic (atoms) and macroscopic scales. In particular, it includes the systems dominated by elemental quantum processes - single-electron tunneling, ballistic and single-spin transport, Coulomb blockade.

Mesoscopic physics is based upon quantum theory; it includes quantum mechanics and statistics of interacting particles, physics of irreversible processes, physics of random systems, etc. At present time, mesoscopic physics - both experimental and theoretical - is a research topic of the majority of research groups at many universities and high-tech companies.

The course aims at an introduction to basic principles of nanophysics allowing working in research and development in nanotechnology. Students will learn basic principle of physics of nanometer-size systems with a focus on basic physical phenomena. In addition to elucidating the basic theoretical concepts, main application to existing and future electronics, including devices for realization of quantum computation algorithms, will be discussed.

Learning outcome

  • Why do we need nanometer-sized devices?
  • Road map of modern electronics: From CMOS technology to molecular electronics, spintronics, nanophotonics, and quantum computations.
  • Mesoscopic transport: Brief overview of main principles, materials, and devices.
  • A Brief Update of Conventional Solid State Physics. Crystal structures. Electronic energy bands and their occupation, envelope functions and effective mass, doping.Diffusive transport, scattering mechanisms, screening. Surfaces, Interfaces, and Layered Devices Electronic surface states. Semiconductor-metal interface. Semiconductor heterostructures. Field-effect transistors and quantum wells. Mesoscopic Physics.
  • Two-dimensional electron systems: general properties, magneto-conductance, the quantum Hall effect.
  • Quantum Wires and Quantum Point Contacts: Diffusive quantum wires, ballistic wires (conductance quantization), carbon nanotubes, quantum point contacts
  • Electronic Phase Coherence: The Aharonov-Bohm effect, weak localization, resonant tunneling.
  • Single-Electron Tunneling: Coulomb blockade, single-electron tunneling devices, electron pumping, etc.
  • Quantum Dots: Role of electron-electron interaction, conductance resonances, etc.
  • Mesoscopic superconductivity: Josephson effect and its applications, hybrid systems, etc.
  • New Directions in Electronics. Spintronics, Molecular Electronics, Nanomechanics, Nanophotonics, Devices for Quantum Computation. Experimental Aspects (will be presented by students and taken into account for the exam grade).
  • Sample growth and fabrication: Single crystal growth; growth of layered structures, epitaxy -liquid phase epitaxy (LPE), molecular chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD), molecular beam epitaxy (MBE), magnetron sputtering, etc. Lateral patterning (electron beam patterning) and bonding.
  • Sample characterization: Electron microscopy (TEM, SEM); Tunneling microscopy (STM); Secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS); X-ray spectroscopy; Elements of cryogenics.

Admission to the course

Students at UiO register for courses and exams in Studentweb.

A bachelor's degree from the bachelor's programme Materials, Energy and Nanotechnology, or equivalent.

Overlapping courses

Teaching

This is an intensive course. Teaching consists of six academic hours of lectures per week during eight weeks. In addition to this, there will be time for student’s presentations of their chosen subject linked to nanophysics.

In teaching, student’s active learning is strongly encouraged, in which students in their presentations and address other students and discuss with them details of derivations with comments and help of teacher. A component of preliminary work with the subject and a discussion with student, rather than continuous lecturing, is constantly increasing during the course. In discussions, the stronger students are helping students with lower background, using advantage of being able to quicker recognize problems they could face. The help of PhD students to Ms students is highly encouraged.  

Examination

The presentation counts for 40% of the final grade, and the final oral examination counts 60%. You have to receive a passing grade on the presentation in order to take the final oral exam.

It will also be counted as one of the three attempts to sit the exam for this course, if you sit the exam for one of the following courses: MENA9010 – Nanophysics

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Resit an examination

This course offers both postponed and resit of examination. Read more:

Special examination arrangements, use of sources, explanations and appeals

See more about examinations at UiO

Last updated from FS (Common Student System) Feb. 25, 2020 6:16:26 PM

Facts about this course

Credits
10
Level
Master
Teaching
Spring
Examination
Spring
Teaching language
English