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Course content

The course is split into three parts focusing on the most common geohazards in Norway: floods, landslides and avalanches. Extreme precipitation, flooding and landslides are ultimately connected and the course discusses floods and landslide hazards. The course introduces different types of floods, and further addresses extreme value theory, flood frequency analysis, and risk and uncertainty analyses. In the second part the course describes landslides hazard, introduces tools and methods to collect landslide data, to analyze the slope stability and to predict risk areas. The final part of the course provides an introduction to snow avalanche mechanics and dynamics and modelling of the those. It further provides an overview of avalanche forecasting and mitigation.  The course includes 1 day field trips to a selected sites and a 3 days excursion."

Learning outcome

After this course students are expected to have competence in:

  • knowledge of extreme events
  • flood frequency analysis and flood initiated landslides
  • landslide phenomena, mechanisms, stability
  • landslide hazard and risk analyses, monitoring and mitigation measures
  • basic understanding of avalanche mechanics and dynamics and snowpack stability assessment

  • avalanche run-out modelling and avalanche forecasting


Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.


Formal prerequisite knowledge

or equivalent knowledge.

The following course must be taken before the field trip in GEO4171:

Recommended previous knowledge

or equivalent knowledge.

Overlapping courses


Lectures, presentation, and discussions.

Attendance at the first lecture is compulsory. Students who fail to meet, are considered to have withdrawn from the course unless they have previously given notice to the Studies administration, email address:

To attend the field trip/excursion it is required that the following course is passed:

You will need to provide documentation that you have passed HMS0504 when you attend the field trip/excursion.

General information about excursions at the Department of Geosciences.

As the teaching involves laboratory and/or field work, you should consider taking out a separate travel and personal risk insurance. Read about your insurance cover as a student.


Students must pass two oral or written assignments (to be decided by the course teacher) in order to sit for the final exam. In the final assessment the oral/written assignments counts for 50% of the grade, and the final exam 50%. Final exam may be written or oral depending on class numbers.

Examination support material

No examination support material is allowed.

Language of examination

In this course any written exam questions or assignment questions may be available in English only.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

Students who can document a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.

Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass the original examination.

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.

This course was periodic evaluated in autumn 2013 (pdf, in Norwegian).

Facts about this course






Every spring


Every spring

Teaching language