Schedule, syllabus and examination date

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Course content

The course will describe the formation and usage of several economic resources and their characterisation. There will be an emphasis on the specific materials and the process responsible for their formation as well as their importance for modern society.

Learning outcome

After successful completion of the course the students will:

  • Have an understanding of the processes creating economic resources and an understanding of different types of deposits.
  • Be able to apply and interpret different analytical methods (e.g. XRD and EPMA) to characterise Earth Materials, which are useful for a future career in academia or the industry.


Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.

The courses GEO4812 and GEO9812 has a joint admission, with a joint capacity of 20 students. 

If there are more then 20 applicants for GEO4812/9812, applicants will be ranked after the following categories:

  1. Master students in Geosciences admitted to the following programme options: 
  2. Master students in Geosciences admitted to one of the other programme options
  3. PhD students in Geosciences at the Department of Geosciences
  4. Master students in Chemistry at the Department of Chemistry
  5. Exchange students and other master students at the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
  6. Visiting PhD candidates who have been admitted to another higher education institution
  7. Single course students at the master’s level

Applicants will be ranked by the number of ECTS-credits within each category: all applicants within category 1 is ranked before applicants in category 2. If there are space limitations in the course, available places will be given to students selected randomly among those with the same amount of ECTS credits.


Formal prerequisite knowledge

  • Applicants registrating for this course must hold a Bachelor's Degree in Geosciences or in Chemistry.

The course includes a compulsory field course and excursions. A HSE-course for safety in the field must be passed before you can go on these.

Recommended previous knowledge

Overlapping courses

10 credits overlap with GEO9812 – Earth Materials


The course will be running for a full semester (21 weeks) and consists of 1 lecture (2 hours)- and 1 practical lab (2 hours) per week. Attendance in the practical lab work is mandatory and has to be approved to sit for the final examination. Note that some basic geological bachelor level knowledge can be part of the final examination of this course.

There will be two days in a mandatory fieldtrip with accommodation.

Attendance at the first lecture is compulsory. Students who fail to meet, are considered to have withdrawn from the course unless they have previously given notice to the Student administration (

We reserve the right to change the teaching form and examination of the course in semesters where 5 or fewer students have been admitted.

General information about excursions at the Deptartment of Geosciences.

As the teaching involves laboratory and/or field work, you should consider taking out a separate travel and personal risk insurance. Read about your insurance cover as a student.


  • The mandatory fieldtrip (s) and attendance in the practical lab work must be approved before sitting the written examination for the course.
  • Final written examination (3 hours) counts for 100%.

Examination support material

Approved calculators

Language of examination

You may write your examination paper in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

Students who can document a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.

Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass the original examination.

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

It will also be counted as one of the three attempts to sit the exam for this course, if you sit the exam for one of the following courses: 

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.

Facts about this course






Every autumn


Every autumn

Teaching language